Drawing upon the findings of the situational analyses (including context, stakeholder, SWOT analysis, and needs assessment), the following key questions may help to identify overarching programme approaches and inform the design process to ensure that initiatives are responsive to the security needs of women and girls:
Are there currently any initiatives engaging the security sector (including through sector reform) to address gender-based violence?
What are the roles of government, other donors, civil society (including women's organizations) in these efforts?
What challenges, concerns or gaps does the programme aim to address?
What does the programme hope to achieve (both the overarching goal (e.g. implementation of police duties identified in the National Action Plan on Violence against Women) and specific objectives, or outputs resulting from the initiative (e.g. to establish effective and accessible response standards by the police to survivors of gender-based violence; or to improve community members’ confidence in approaching police regarding the issue in a particular municipality)?
Who are the target beneficiaries (e.g. survivors of violence, national police, military, etc)?
How will the programme achieve these results (i.e. activities to be implemented through the initiative)?
Which actors will be involved in the programme (e.g. Ministry of Defense, Interior, Women’s Affairs; Police Academy, legal assistance groups, survivor support groups)? Are there opportunities to partner with others for maximum impact (e.g. health, legal, shelter and other organizations providing assistance to survivors of sexual violence, partnering with non-governmental organizations with substantial experience in training police officers to better understand violence against women)?
Illustrative Example: As part of a community policing pilot, advocates in Marin County, California (United States) conducted a joint one-day training with law enforcement trainers on domestic violence and community policing to all patrol officers and sergeants in the county (approximately 450 officers), which participants noted contributed to improved partnership and collaboration between the police and advocacy community (Sadusky, 2004).
See key strategies for examples of approaches to working with the police and security sector. Guidance on specific implementation strategies is available in the sections on Legal and Policy Frameworks, Institutional Capacities, Service Delivery, and Oversight.
Enhancing Law Enforcement Response to Victims: Resource Toolkit (International Police Chiefs Association, 2008), is one of 3 resources in its Strategy Package for state and non-state law enforcement actors and policy-makers. The toolkit includes resources such as revised mission statements, schedules and process descriptions, stakeholder interview questions, sample action plans, partnership agreements, victim response policies and procedures, engaging staff and employing performance appraisals, informational material (brochures, press releases, websites) and links to relevant victim-related resources. Available in English; 42 pages.
Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit (DCAF, ODHIR/OSCE and UN-INSTRAW, 2008). This Toolkit is designed to provide policymakers and practitioners with a practical introduction to why gender issues are important in security sector reform and what can be done to integrate them. The toolkit provides a user guide plus 13 tools focused on gender in relation to: Security Sector Reform; Police Reform; Defence Reform; Justice Reform; Penal Reform and; Border Management; Parliamentary Oversight of the Sector; National Security Policy-Making; Civil Society Oversight of the Sector; Private Military and Security Companies; Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation; Training for Security Sector Personnel; and Implementing the Women, Peace and Security Resolutions in Security Sector Reform. The guide is accompanied by a Gender and Security Sector Reform Training Resource Package, which provides tools for the areas above. Available in English.
Next Topic Establishing partnerships