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Key steps for implementing a prevention framework

There are many more aspects to implementing broad-based prevention than are recognized in the draft matrix presented above.  When developing a framework for a specific setting, it will be important to:

  • Conduct assessments at regular intervals to identify key forms of violence that women and girls are experiencing (or, in the case of contingency planning, will be a future risk of experiencing);
  • Understand the risk and protective factors related to those key forms of violence;
  • Determine the best setting-specific strategies for reducing risks and promoting protections;
  • Wherever possible, introduce prevention strategies that will have the most widespread effect in combatting multiple forms of violence (livelihoods programming, for example, may be helpful in reducing community-based sexual violence and sexual exploitation, as well as domestic violence and early marriage);
  • Develop strategies for ensuring the prevention interventions can be sustained when humanitarian actors withdraw;
  • Attempt to link prevention activities with response programming in order to ensure that the needs of women and girls, especially those who are most vulnerable to violence, are being met (e.g. use service delivery data to inform strategies for targeting prevention programming to vulnerable groups; ensure that all prevention programmes educate participants about how to access survivor services, etc.);
  • Ensure that the needs of sub-categories of women and girls are addressed (e.g. consider developing separate matrixes of types of violence/risk and protective factors for sub-groups of females such as female youth, adolescent girls, elderly women, LBT individuals, women and girls with disabilities);
  • Ensure that the framework and any related prevention activities underscore the need to address discrimination of women and girls in patriarchal systems as an underlying cause of violence against women and girls.

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