Important points regarding GBV in multi-sectoral assessments:
1) A lack of concrete data regarding GBV, and particularly sexual violence, is to be expected in an initial multi-sectoral assessment. Regardless of the culture, religion, or geographic region, sexual violence is significantly underreported and is rarely discussed openly. Rapid multi-sectoral assessments usually cannot – and should not strive to – accurately reflect the scale and nature of sexual violence in an emergency. What they can do is highlight broader safety concerns and help identify situations where additional GBV expertise, resources and possibly a GBV-specific assessment may be needed.
2) It is possible that the population will not be familiar with the vocabulary around gender-based violence. If there is little knowledge of GBV or if the subject is socially taboo, an untrained assessor may unintentionally cause harm to survivors within a community or create a situation that jeopardizes future opportunities to gain meaningful information on GBV in a given context.
3) Even if the multi-sectoral assessment team does not include a GBV specialist, it is crucial that all assessors understand the ethical and safety concerns surrounding GBV data collection. The assessment team should also consult with GBV actors – even if this needs to be done remotely—when it comes time to analyse the data collected during the multi-sectoral assessment in order to ensure that it can inform future interventions.
(Source: ER&P Participant Handbook, p. 32).
See provisional guidance on the IASC’s Multi-Cluster/Sector Initial Rapid Assessment, or MIRA.