For this section, I have moved all the background information on different groups to the Intro. The information that remains is focused on programming.
- When developing programming for particularly marginalized populations, interventions need to be designed and implemented from a holistic perspective. Humanitarian actors should be sensitive to mainstreaming protections from VAWG for marginalized groups. Strong collaboration is needed between legal, health, security and social service sectors. It is also critical to work with women’s organizations to ensure they are advocating for the rights of all women.
- Service providers need to be sensitised about gender, sexuality, and human rights. Service providers should also participate in targeted training on survivor-centered approaches for meeting the needs of marginalized populations.
- Knowledge and resource sharing should be encouraged among international, regional, and sub-regional actors to create a pool of expertise on best practices and strategies for addressing the needs of marginalized women and girls.
- Women’s and girls’ multiple identities must be taken into account when addressing their risks for violence. For example, a woman with a disability who is lesbian faces specific challenges based on her sexual orientation, disability, and gender that are different and unique from a woman who is lesbian but able-bodied.
The Heightened Risk Identification Tool and User Guide have been developed to enhance UNHCR's effectiveness in identifying refugees at heightened risk by linking community-based / participatory assessments and individual assessment methodologies. They have been designed for use by UNHCR staff involved in community services and/or protection activities (including resettlement) and partner agencies. While as of 2012 the tool addresses the vulnerabilities of older people, children and adolescents, women and girls, and persons with disabilities, it should continue to be revised and expanded to include other populations such as LBTI, sex workers, children born of rape, indigenous people, etc.
For more information about the relationship between GBV and particularly marginalized populations, see Special Considerations for Marginalized Populations in section one.