There are challenges with monitoring certain types of violence against women and girls:
Case study: National Center Against Violence in Mongolia monitors sexual violence and rape prevalence and policy
In 2008, the National Center Against Violence in Mongolia completed a monitoring study on sexual violence, rape and relevant legislation. The purpose of the study was to assess the implementation of rape laws, including situations of marital rape, incest, and date rape in Mongolia, and to develop policy and programme recommendations to better protect victims. The researchers collected data from 700 respondents, including 100 legal professionals. They reviewed existing policies and documents, and applied both quantitative and qualitative research methods.
They surveyed the prevalence of each form of rape: Half of all respondents reported being a victim of marital rape. Only one in ten said that they would seek help from others for this crime, because of family reputation and the fact that law enforcement does not recognize it as a crime. No single incident of a marital rape has ever been recorded, according to their research.
The researchers also found that date rape is a common occurrence among teenagers and young people. 34.2% of the respondents said that date rape occurs “often.” The study found that date rape remains unreported unless serious consequences, such as STDs or unwanted pregnancy, occur. Eight out of ten respondents reported that there is insufficient public awareness of date rape.
The study surveyed the public awareness and attitude toward incest using a questionnaire directed at 100 people ages 18-58. Four in ten respondents said that incest did occur in Mongolian homes, and half of these said that a step-daughter was the most vulnerable potential victim. This was supported by a review of legal cases: most of the perpetrators were stepfathers. The questionnaire also revealed that key reasons for not reporting incest are that the victim is under the control of the perpetrator and believes that law enforcement would not respond to the case. The researchers found that victims of incest and date rape mainly approach NGOs for help.
Monitors found that the majority of rape cases were dismissed during the investigation either because there was no “hard evidence” that the victim objected to the rape or no force was used in the rape. If the forensic report does not indicate any physical injury, the case is dropped.
Monitors found many barriers to a victim-centered state response: Victims must give statements repeatedly, there are no officers who specialize in victim psychology or the dynamics of rape, victims are blamed, treated like criminals and forced to wait for hours or days for police help, or are told to find the criminal themselves. These factors discourage victims from pursuing a criminal case and thus most of them accept a financial settlement to leave the case.
The monitors made a number of recommendations, including:
Next Topic Ethical considerations