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Sex Trafficking

International Human Rights Documents

African Union, 2000 Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, 2000.

 

Council of Europe, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, 2005.

 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, 1994 Inter-American Convention on International Traffic in Minors, 1994.

 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, 1994 Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence Against Women (Convention of Belém do Pará), 1994.

 

International Labour Organization, Convention Concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour, 1930.

 

International Labour Organization, Convention Concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (ILO Convention No. 105), 1957.

 

International Labour Organization, Convention Concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (ILO Convention No 138), 1973.

 

International Labour Organization, Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (ILO Convention No 182), 1998.

 

League of Nations, International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children, 1921.

 

League of Nations, International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age, 1933.

 

League of Nations, International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, 1904.

 

League of Nations, International Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, 1910.

 

League of Nations, Protocol amending the 1904 International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, and the 1910 International Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, 1949.

 

League of Nations, Protocol to amend the 1921 Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children and the 1933 Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age, 1947.

 

Organization of African Unity, 1982 African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1982.

 

Organization of African Unity, 1990 African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, 1990.

 

United Nations, Beijing Platform for Action, 1995.

 

United Nations, Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, G.A. Res. 39/46, 1987.

 

United Nations, Convention against Transnational Organized Crime G.A. Res. 25, annex I, 2000.

 

United Nations, Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others, 1950.

 

United Nations, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979.

 

United Nations, Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989.

 

United Nations, General Assembly A/RES/40/34, 1985.

 

United Nations, General Recommendation 19, Article 6(1), 1992.

 

United Nations, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966.

 

United Nations, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography G.A. 54/263, 2000.

 

United Nations, Protocol amending the Slavery Convention, 1953.

 

United Nations, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, 2000.

 

United Nations, Slavery Convention, 1926.

 

United Nations, Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 1956.

 

United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.

 

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, Human Rights Resolution 2005/41 on the Elimination of Violence against Women, 2005.

 

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, International Protection No. 7: The Application of Article 1A(2) of the 1951 Convention and/or 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees to Victims of Trafficking and Persons at Risk of Being Trafficked, 2006.

 

 

Laws by Country and State

Albania, Criminal Code of the Republic of Albania, 1998.

 

Alberta, Canada; Protection of Sexually Exploited Children Act, R.S.A. 2000.

 

Australia, Criminal Code Amendment (Slavery and Sexual Servitude) Act, 1999.

 

Belgium, Law on Trafficking in Human Beings, 2008.

 

Bulgaria, Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, 2003.

 

Colombia, Human Trafficking Law, 2005.

 

Germany, Criminal Code of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1998.

 

Ghana, Trafficking Act of 2005, 2005.

 

Israel,  Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons Law, 2006

 

Italy, Criminal Code of Italy in UNODC Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners, Module 1, 3, 2009.

 

Korea, Act on the Punishment of Procuring Prostitution and Associated Acts, 2004.

 

Macedonia, Criminal Code, 1996.

 

Moldova, Moldovan Law on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, 2005.

 

Norway, Criminal Code of the Kingdom of Norway, 1994.

 

Poland, Criminal Code of the Republic Poland, 2006.

 

Slovenia, Criminal Code of the Republic of Slovenia, 2005.

 

Sweden, Criminal Code of the Kingdom of Sweden, 2006.

 

Turkey, Criminal Code of the Republic of Turkey, 2004.

 

United States, 22 U.S.C. 7102, 2009.

 

United States, The William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act , 2008.

 

United States (Minnesota), Minn. Stat. § 609.321, subd. 7a, 2009.

 

United States (New York), Safe Harbor for Exploited Youth Act, 2008.


Reports

Advocates for Human Rights, Sex Trafficking Needs Assessment for the State of Minnesota, Recommendation , 2008.

 

Anette Brunovskis, Institute of Applied International Studies, Social Aspects of Human Trafficking, 2007.

 

Center for Women Policy Studies, Model Provisions for State Anti-Trafficking Laws, 2005.

 

Charlotta Holmström and May-Len Skilbrei, Nordic Council of Ministers, Prostitution in the Nordic Countries, 2009.

 

Coalition against Trafficking in Women, Prostitution Law Reform, 2002-2009.

 

Donna Hughes, The Demand for Victims of Sex Trafficking, 2005.

 

ECPAT International, Monitoring State Progress to Protect Children & Young People from Trafficking for Sexual Purposes, 2010.

 

ECPAT International, Strengthening Laws Addressing Child Sexual Exploitation, 2008.

 

Gisèle Poinier and Willy Fautré, Human Rights without Frontiers, Sweden’s Demand-Focused Policy, 2009.

 

Global Rights, Combating Human Trafficking in the Americas: A Guide to International Advocacy, 2007.

 

Global Rights, State Model Law on Protection for Victims of Human Trafficking, 2005.

 

International Centre for Migration Policy Development, Guidelines for the Development and Implementation of a Comprehensive National Anti-Trafficking Response, 2006.

 

Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, The Protection Project, 1994.

 

Minister of Integration and Gender Equality of Sweden, Against Prostitution and Human Trafficking for Sexual Purposes, 2009.

 

Minister of Integration and Gender Equality of Sweden, Action Plan Against Prostitution and Human Trafficking for Sexual Purposes, 2008.

 

Mohamed Mattar, United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Good Practices in Legislation on Violence against Women, Legal Approaches to Trafficking as a Form of Violence against Women, 2008.

 

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings in the OSCE Area: Co-ordination and Reporting Mechanisms, 2008.

 

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, National Referral Mechanisms: Joining Efforts to Protect the Rights of Trafficked Persons, A Practical Handbook, 2004.

 

Polaris Project, Model Comprehensive State Legislation to Combat Trafficking in Persons, 2006.

 

Salvation Army, The William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008:  50 Key Provisions published by the Salvation Army, 2008.

 

StopVAW, Coordinated Community Response, 2009.

 

United Nations, Expert Group Meeting on Trafficking in Women and Girls, 2002.

 

United Nations, Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women on trafficking in women, women’s migration and violence against women, 2000.

 

United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Initial Report of States Parties: Serbia, 2006.

 

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Affected for Life, 2009.

 

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners: Module 2, 2009.

 

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, 2009.

 

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Model Law against Trafficking in Persons, 2009.

 

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, Identification and Referral of Trafficked Persons to Procedures for Determining International Protection Needs, 2009.

 

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking, 2002.

 

United Nations, Statement by the Minister of Gender Equality and Family, The 39th Session of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Violence Against Women, 2007.

 

United States Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report, 2009.

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