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Use a life-cycle and age-specific approach when designing interventions

This requires identifying the key entry points to address gender issues at different ages.

For younger boys, work might focus on respect and conflict resolution (Kaufman 2003), in addition to working with them to foster strong personal identities that are not reinforced by traditional ideas of what boys and men ‘should’ be like.

For adolescents, work might focus on communication in relationships, respect, sexual responsibility, sexual violence, and emotional and verbal abuse (Kaufman 2003).

For adults, life-cycle entry points might include the time when a man gets married or divorced; experiences severe illness or a life threatening incident; becomes a father (brother or an uncle); or the time when he enters the workforce, becomes unemployed or retires.