Program H ( Bolivia , Brazil , Colombia , India , Jamaica , Mexico , Peru and other countries)
Program H (H is the first letter for the word men in both Portuguese ‘homem’ and Spanish ‘hombre’) adopts an ecological model – addressing young men within their social context – to promote a critical reflection of gender norms within intimate relationships, highlighting the ‘costs’ of gender inequity to both men and women. The initiative is developed by a coalition of four non-governmental organizations including: PROMUNDO, PAPAI, ECOS and Salud y Género (Health and Gender). The first three are located in Brazil , while the last is based in Mexico . The initiative includes four components: a) training professionals to work with young men in the area of health and gender-equity using a set of manuals and videos; b) social marketing of condoms; c) promoting health services; and d) evaluating changes in gender norms.
This initiative stands out also because of the rigor of its evaluation. In partnership with Horizons, Program H developed and validated a scale called Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale, which measures young men's attitudes related to gender roles and masculinities. The following are examples of the traditional norms measured by the scale: “It is okay for a man to hit his wife if she won’t have sex with him.” and “I would be outraged if my wife asked me to use a condom”. While “it is important that a father is present in the lives of his children, even if he is no longer with the mother” is an example of an egalitarian norm. A comparison of baseline and six month post-intervention results gathered at the intervention sites revealed that a significantly smaller proportion of respondents supported inequitable gender norms over time, while a similar change was not found at the control site. These positive changes were maintained at the one-year follow-up in both intervention sites. These findings suggest that group education interventions can successfully influence young men's attitudes toward gender roles and lead to healthier relationships. See the CASE STUDY.
See the videos about the work of the organization.
Tools for addressing prevention with adolescents:
Program H Manuals (Promundo and partners, Brazil). This is a set of methodologies to motivate young men to critically reflect on rigid norms related to manhood and how they influence their lives in different spheres: health, personal relations, sexual and reproductive health, and fatherhood. This toolkit provides programme planners, health providers, peer educators, and others who work with young people with innovative resources to facilitate discussions and encourage reflections about manhood. The Program H toolkit includes the Program H Manual, featuring group activities for young men, the cartoon DVD “Once upon a boy” and its accompanying discussion guide. Each manual addresses a different topic, including:
Tài liêụ dành cho đồng đẳng viên (Program H, Viet Nam) produced by TCDN-MOLISA, Save the Children and Instituto Promundo with the support of USAID and Pact Vietnam was adapted for use in the Viet Nam context. This adaptation is available for download in Vietnamese. The Program H Manuals are also being adapted for Tanzania and the Balkan context and will be available for download soon.
We need to be able to talk (Puntos de Encuentro, Nicaragua). This manual and DVD (in Spanish) make up a methodological pack to be used for talks and in workshops on machismo and its direct link to sexual violence and HIV and AIDS. The manual includes:
A conceptual framework and views on machismo, HIV and AIDS and sexual abuse.
Summaries of the special Sexto Sentido videos and a list of possible themes for group work.
A methodological guide for workshops.
A questions guide to use with the special Sexto Sentido video.
Guidelines and information on how to avoid HIV and AIDS and sexual abuse, for people who are directly affected.
The educational pack costs USD 20.00 and is available in English and Spanish. For more information send an email to email@example.com.
The manual is available in English.
Swimming against the tide (Puntos de Encuentro, Nicaragua). A 25 minute video with an episode of Sexto Sentido that explores the influence of ‘machismo’ on the everyday lives of young men and women: unplanned pregnancies, violent father, pressure to have sex, homophobia and sexual violence. Available in Spanish.
Fourth R Curricula (Ministry of Education, Ontario, Canada). The Fourth R consists of a comprehensive school-based programme designed to include students, teachers, parents, and the community in reducing violence and risk behaviours. It contends that relationship knowledge and skills can and should be taught in the same way as reading, writing, and arithmetic, and therefore the classroom-based curriculum is referred to as the Fourth R (for Relationships) core programme. This curriculum consists of lessons that meet the Ontario Ministry of Education’s learning expectations for Grade eight and nine health education and Grade 9-12 English, and the outcomes for other courses in other provinces. The programme is taught in the classroom, using a thematic approach to reduce risk behaviours including: violence/bullying; unsafe sexual behaviour; and substance use. All of the curricula are available for purchase in English.
Young Men and HIV Prevention: a Tool Kit for Action (Promundo and UNFPA). Although geared towards HIV prevention, this tool kit contains various tools that may be of relevance, including:. Mapping young men’s media and social networks – page 25. Creating campaigns: step by step – page 23. Available in English, Portuguese and Spanish.
Guidelines For Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) materials by the American Medical Association (AMA). The AMA's Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) is a comprehensive set of recommendations that provide a framework for the organization and content of preventive health services. The GAPS recommendations were designed to be delivered ideally as a preventive services package during a series of annual health visits for adolescents between the ages of 11-21. Materials available include: GAPS Recommendations Monograph with information on the 24 recommendations.
One of the areas addressed is prevention of physical, sexual and emotional abuse.
Three versions of GAPS questionnaires for use in clinical practice, including:
Younger Adolescent Questionnaire (English and Spanish available)
Middle/Older Adolescent Questionnaire (English and Spanish available)
Parent/Guardian Questionnaire (English and Spanish available)
Available in English.
Gender or Sex: Who Cares? Skills-building Resource Pack on Gender and Reproductive Health for Adolescents and Youth Workers, Ipas (USA). This manual offers an introduction to the topic of gender and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and is for professionals and volunteers who work with young people on the influence of gender on SRH issues. A workshop curriculum, guidance and tools for facilitators are provided that incorporate suggestions and feedback from organizations in various regions of the world. A series of participatory activities encourage participants to think about the difference between gender and sex as well as social values associated with women and men, femininity and masculinity. Available in English and Spanish.
Feel Free (MIFUMI, PROMPT UK, Uganda). Feel Free is an interactive facilitator's guide for training young women and men on violence and abuse issues. The key message throughout the pack is that violence is not an answer to conflict and should not be tolerated by society. The pack includes a card quiz game with the facilitator's answers, a background information book on violence and abuse, and exercises to implement during the training. Available from: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Toolkit for Working with Men and Boys to Prevent Gender-Based Violence (Family Violence Prevention Fund, USA). This is a comprehensive resource for practitioners to work with men and boys to prevent violence. Available in English.
Reaching Men: Strategies for Preventing Sexism and Violence (Russ Funk, USA). This publication begins with a theoretical overview exploring educational theory and identifying those educational theories that show the most promise in educating men. A brief overview of each form of violence is provided alongside a discussion of how each form of violence is connected to sexism. The next chapter examines issues and intersections of racism, sexism and homophobia as they relate to violence and abuse. The final chapters provide information about how educators and advocates can take care of themselves while educating men about sexism and violence. The book also includes sample exercises and discussion guides, including a Sample Outline for a Presentation on Rape and Sexual Assault, see pages.37-38. For ordering or additional information, contact JistLife Publishing (http://www.jist.com) or call 1-800-648-5478.
Boys-Talk: A Program for Young Men About Masculinity, Non-violence and Relationships, Adelaide: Men Against Sexual Assault (Brook Friedman, Australia). The Boys-Talk program is a practical guide for teachers, youth workers and parent groups to provide young men with support and options as they search for their own understanding of masculinity. Part one of the manual introduces the area of gender and schooling with an emphasis on the practices of masculinity in our society. It also includes information about programme implementation. Part two of the manual presents the programme. Available for purchase in English.