Content of post-hearing orders for protection
Promising practice: The law of Namibia states that, when determining the contents of a protection order, a court must consider, among other factors, the history of domestic violence by the respondent towards the complainant and the complainant’s perception of the seriousness of the respondent’s behavior. These factors may be important predictors of serious harm to complainant/survivors. Part II 7 (4) (a) and (d).
See: Lethality or risk assessments, below.
The law of Guyana contains the following provision on the content of orders for protection:
Promising practice: On Measures Against Violence in Family Relations (2006) of Albania (hereinafter law of Albania), in which content of orders for protection includes the following provision on firearms:
g) ordering the law enforcement officers to seize any weapons belonging to the perpetrator, found during police checks, or ordering the perpetrator to surrender any weapons belonging to them; Ch III, Article 10, 1 (g)
6.(1) Subject to this Act, a protection order may-
(a) prohibit the respondent from being on premises in which a person named in the order resides or works;
(b) prohibit the respondent from being on premises that are the place of education of a person named in the order;
(c) prohibit the respondent from being on premises specified in the order, being premises frequented by a person named in the order;
(d) prohibit the respondent from being in a locality specified in the order;
(e) prohibit the respondent from engaging in harassment or psychological abuse of a person named in the order;
(f) prohibit the respondent from speaking or sending unwelcome messages to a person named in the order;
(g) direct the respondent to make such contribution to the welfare of a person named in the order as the court thinks fit;
(h) provide for custody and maintenance of children;
(i) prohibit the respondent from taking possession of specified personal property, being property that is reasonably used by a person named in the order;
(j) direct the respondent to return specified personal property that is in his possession or under his control which belongs to a person named in the order;
(k) prohibit the respondent from causing another person to engage in the conduct referred to in paragraph (e), (f) or (i);
(l) specify conditions subject to which the respondent may be on premises or in a locality specified in the order;
(m) direct the respondent to do or to refrain from doing any other act or act which the court in the circumstances of the case considers relevant;
(n) provide that the respondent seek appropriate counseling or therapy from a person or agency approved by the Minister, by notice published in the Gazette.
(2) The court may make an order that includes a prohibition of the kind referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (i) notwithstanding any legal or equitable interests the respondent might have in the property comprising the premises or in the property to which the prohibition of the kind referred to in subsection (1)(i) relates.
For example, the law of India contains the following provision:
Monetary relief.-(1) While disposing of an application under sub-section (1) of section 12, the Magistrate may direct the respondent to pay monetary relief to meet the expenses incurred and losses suffered by the aggrieved person and any child of the aggrieved person as a result of the domestic violence and such relief may include, but not limited to,-
(a) the loss of earnings;
(b) the medical expenses;
(c) the loss caused due to the destruction, damage or removal of any property from the control of the aggrieved person; and
(d) the maintenance for the aggrieved person as well as her children, if any, including an order under or in addition to an order of maintenance under section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) or any other law for the time being in force.
(2) The monetary relief granted under this section shall be adequate, fair and reasonable and consistent with the standard of living to which the aggrieved person is accustomed. Ch. IV, 20
Promising practice: Spain’s law requires that judges who hear Orders for Protection must receive training on issues of child custody, security, and economic support for survivors and their dependants.
For an example of a form, see Family Violence: A Model State Code, Sec. 302; available in English.
The law of Philippines includes a provision that requires standardized forms for orders for protection.