Criminalization of aiding, abetting, soliciting another, condoning or conspiring to commit an “honour” crime or killing

  • Drafters should ensure that all individuals complicit in the “honour” crime or “honour” killing are held accountable for their role. “Honour”-based violence is often collectively sanctioned and sometimes collectively executed, so laws must encompass the possibility of multiple perpetrators and their role. Laws must also address the indirect or direct roles that may be played by multiple perpetrators. Drafters should take into account the role that leaders, family and community members may play in condoning or authorizing “honour” crimes or killings. Laws should ensure that other third parties, such as tribal council members or community leaders, who are involved in, incite, or authorize “honour” crimes and killings are punished.

ExampleArticle 38(2) of the Turkish Criminal Code provides that the penalty for one who solicits the commission of an offense using influence arising from a direct descendent or antecedent relationship will be increased by one-third to one-half. Article 38(2) further provides that in cases where there is incitement of a minor to commit an offense, the increased penalty applies even in the absence of a lineage relationship.