QUICK ESCAPE FROM SITE

References

Abrams, E.J., Myer, L., Rosenfield, A. and W.M. El-Sadr. 2007. “Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Services as a Gateway to Family-Based Human Immunodeficiency Virus Care and Treatment in Resource-Limited Settings: Rationale and International Experiences.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 197 (3): S101-S106. http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(07)00434-6/abstract

Acosta, M. 2002. “Collecting Evidence for Domestic and Sexual Assault: Highlighting Violence against Women in Health Care System Interventions.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S99-104. 

AfriAfya and Street Kids International. 2008. Our Turn to Tell: A Tool for Us! Kenyan girls tell their stories.” http://www.streetkids.org/assets/pdf/2008/0808_afriafya_our_turn_to_tell.pdf

Afrid, M., S. Saleem, M. Karim and J. Hatcher. 2008. “Spousal Abuse during Pregnancy in Karachi, Pakistan.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 101:141-145.

Aguilar, J. 2007. La dinamica de la violencia domestica y sus efectos psicologicos en las mujeres.” http://www.dvcn.org/Documents/EfectosVDE.pdf

Ahmed, Aziza and Emma Bell. 2009. The Forced and Coerced Sterilization of HIV Positive Women in Namibia. London: International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS (ICW). http://www.icw.org/files/The%20forced%20and%20coerced%20sterilization%20of%20HIV%20positive%20women%20in%20Namibia%2009.pdf

Alio, Amina P., Ellen M. Daley, Phillip N. Nana, Jingyi Duan and M. Salihu  Hamisu. 2009. "Intimate partner violence and contraception use among women in Sub-Saharan Africa." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 7 (1): 35-38.

Alio, Amina P., Nana, Philip N. and M. Salihu Hamisu. 2009. "Spousal violence and potentially preventable single and recurrent spontaneous fetal loss in an African setting: cross-sectional study." The Lancet 373 (9660): 318-324.

American Association of University Women Educational Foundation. 2001. “Hostile Hallways:  Bullying, Teasing and Sexual Harassment in Schools.” http://www.aauw.org

American Refugee Committee International. 2005. “Community safety initiative: Gender-based violence program.” http://www.arcrelief.org/gbvbooks/cdrom/content/Book_2_CSI/BOOK2.pdf

Amnesty International. 2004. Casualties of War: Women’s Bodies, Women’s Lives. http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT770722004?open&of=ENG-373  

_____. 2005.Women, Violence and Health.” London: Amnesty International.

_____. 2006. “Caring for human rights: Challenges and opportunities for nurses and midwives.” London: Amnesty International.  http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ACT75/003/2006/en/87916186-d465-11dd-8743-d305bea2b2c7/act750032006en.pdf

Basile, K., M. Hertz and S. Back. 2007. Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Victimization Instruments for Use in Healthcare Settings: Version 1. Atlanta, Georgia: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. http://www.cdc.gov/NCIPC/pub-res/images/IPVandSVscreening.pdf

Baty, M.L. 2008. “The Intersection of HIV and Intimate Partner Violence: Considerations, Concerns, and Policy Implications.” Family Violence Prevention & Health Practice. http://endabuse.org/health/ejournal/archive/1-7/hiv_ipv.php

Beaulaurier, R., L. Seff, F. Newman and B. Dunlop. 2007. “External Barriers to Help Seeking for Older Women Who Experience Intimate Partner Violence.” Journal of Family Violence 22: 747-755.

Bennett, L., L. Manderson and J. Ashbury. 2002. Mapping a Global Pandemic: A Review of Current Literature on Rape, Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment of Women, Consultation on Sexual Violence Against Women. Melbourne: University of Melbourne.

Betances, B., S. Galvan and H. Morales. 2007. “Vidas Vividas en Riesgo: Caracterizando el vinculo entre la violencia contra la mujer y el VIH/SIDA en la Republica Dominicana.”  Study funded by UNFPA, UNICEF and UNAIDS.

Betron, Myra and Lucía Fort. 2006. "Mainstreaming Gender in the Health Sector: Prevention of GBV and Male involvement in Reproductive Health." En Breve, 88. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTENBREVE/Newsletters/20946627/88-APR06-Gender.pdf

Black, M. 2001. “Early Marriage: Child Spouses.” Innocenti Digest, 7.

Bianco, M. and F. Aranda. 2007. Women Won’t Wait: End HIV & Violence Against Women NOW: Publication for Latin America and the Caribbean. Buenos Aires, Argentina: FEIM; GESTOS, Actionaid, Red De Salud de Mujeres Latinoamericanas y del Caribe; IAWC. http://www.womenwontwait.org

Bloom, Shelah S. 2008. “Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators: MEASURE Evaluation & IGWG.”  http://www.prb.org/igwg_media/violenceagainstwomen.pdf

Borrego, J., M. Gutow, S. Reicher and C. Barker. 2008. “Parent-child Interaction Therapy with Domestic Violence Populations.” Journal of Family Violence 23: 495-505.

Bosch, K. and B. Bergen. 2006. “The Influence of Supportive and Nonsupportive Persons in Helping Rural Women in Abusive Partner Relationships Become Free from Abuse.” Journal of Family Violence 21: 311-320.

Bott, S., Guedes, A., Guezmes, A. and Claramunt, C. 2004. Improving the Health Sector Response to Gender-Based Violence: A Resource Manual for Health Care Professionals. NY, NY: International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region. http://www.hrhresourcecenter.org/node/1385.

­­Bott, S., Morrisson, A. and Ellsberg, M. 2005. “Addressing Violence against Women in Middle and Low-Income Countries: A Multi-Sectoral Approach.” Washington, DC.: World Bank. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTGENDER/Resources/MultiSector.pdf.

_____2005a. ”Preventing and Responding to Gender-based Violence in Middle and Low-income Countries: a Global Review and Analysis.Policy Research Working Paper No. 3618. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/IW3P/IB/2005/06/28/000112742_20050628084339/Rendered/PDF/wps3618.pdf

Brady, Martha and Lydia Saloucou. 2007. "Addressing the needs of married adolescent girls in Burkina Faso." Transitions to Adulthood Brief No. 9. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/TABriefs/PGY_Brief09_BurkinaFaso.pdf.

Brener, N.D., McMahon, P.M., Warren, C.W. and K.A Douglas. 1999. “Forced sexual intercourse and associated health-risk behaviors among female college students in the United States.“ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 67(2): 252-259.

Brown, D., A. Butchart, A. Harvey, K. Bartolomeo, D. Meddings and L. Sminkey. 2007. Third Milestones of a Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Report 2007.  Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

Buel, S. 2002. “Treatment Guidelines for Healthcare Providers’ Interventions with Domestic Violence Victims: Experience from the USA.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S49-S54.

Bureau for Global Health, USAID/Population Council, "Lessons Learned from Over a Decade of Evaluating Approaches to Encourage the Abandonment of FGM/C." http://www.popcouncil.org/frontiers/Legacy/05FGMC.htm.

Bustamente, N. 2007. Modelo de Atencion y Prevencion de la Violencia Familiar y de Genero: Nosotras en la Violencia Familiar.  Mexico City, Mexico: APIS, Fundacion para la Equidad, A.C.; Instituto Nacional de Desarollo Social; Estados Unidos Mexico; Gobierno del Estado Puebla; Instituto Poblano de la Mujer, Programa de Apoyo de Mujeres en las Entidades Federales para programar prevencion de la violencia contra las mujeres (PIMEF). www.apis.org.mx.

Campbell, C.A. 1995. ‘Male Gender Roles and Sexuality: Implications for Women’s AIDS Risk and Prevention’, Social Science & Medicine, vol. 41, no. 2, pp.197-210.

Campbell, Jacquelyn C. 2002. "Health consequences of intimate partner violence." The Lancet 359 (9314): 1331-1336. http://www.nnvawi.org/pdfs/alo/Campbell_1.pdf.

Campbell, Jacquelyn C., Claudia Garcia-Moreno and Phyllis Sharps. 2004. "Abuse During Pregnancy in Industrialized and Developing Countries." Violence Against Women 10 (7): 770-789.

Campbell, J., M. Baty, R. Ghandour, J. Stockman, L. Franciso and J. Wagman. 2007. The Intersection of Violence against Women and HIV/AIDS.” Background paper for the IOM Workshop on Violence Prevention in Low-and Middle-Income Countries. Washington, D.C.: Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences.

Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. 2009. “Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence.” http://www.aidslaw.ca/publications/publicationsdocEN.php?ref=972..

Caretta, C. 2008. “Domestic Violence: A Worldwide Exploration.” Journal of Psychological Nursing 46 (3): 26-35.

Carries, S., Fritse Muller, Frederick Muller, C. Morroni and D. Wilson. 2007. “Characteristics, Treatment, and Antiretroviral Prophylaxis Adherence of South African Rape Survivors.” AIDS 46 (10): 68-71.

Carr, D. 1997. Female Genital Cutting:  Findings from the Demographic and Health Surveys Program. Maryland: Macro International.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1998. Building Data Systems for Monitoring and Responding to Violence against Women. Atlanta, Georgia: CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr4911a1.htm

_____. 2002. “Sexual Violence Surveillance:  Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements.” http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/pub-res/sv_surveillance/sexviolsurv.pdf 

_____. 2003. Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States. http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/pub-res/ipv_cost/IPVBook-Final-Feb18.pdf

CEDPA (Centre for Development and Population Activities). 2000. “Gender, Reproductive Health, and Advocacy.” Training Manual Series, Sessions 9-14. http://www.cedpa.org/section/publications?topic=37

Center for Reproductive Rights, "Statement of Policies and Principles on Discrimination Against Women and Sex-Selective Abortion Bans." http://reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/Statement%20on%20Sex%20Selective%20Abortion%20Bans%20FIN_1.pdf

CWGL (Center For Women’s Global Leadership). 2006. “Strengthening Resistance: Confronting Violence against Women and HIV/AIDS.” http://www.cwgl.rutgers.edu/globalcenter/publications/strengthening.htm  

Chandrasekaran, V., Krupp, K., George, R., Madhivanan, P., et al. 2007. “Determinants of domestic violence among women attending and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center in Bangalore, India.” Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 61 (5): 253-262. http://indianjmedsci.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5359;year=2007;volume=61;issue=5;spage=253;epage=262;aulast=Chandrasekaran

Chang, M., C. Lirio, G. Then and L. Cairo. 2004. Incidencia de la Violencia Entre Los/as Usarios/as de Servicios de Psicologia Atendidos/as en el Centro de Salud Para Jovenes de Profamilia: Proyecto de Violencia Basada en Genero, Informe Final. Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana: Profamilia. www.profamilia.org

CHANGE (Center for Health and Gender Equity). 2009. Investing in Reproductive Justice for All: Toward a U.S. Foreign Policy on Comprehensive Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights. Washington, D.C.: CHANGE. http://www.genderhealth.org/pubs/rjforall.pdf

Chase, E., P. Aggleton, V. Bond, S. Maitra, A. Golubov and I. Ouedraogo. 2001. Stigma, HIV/AIDS and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission: A Pilot Study in Zambia, India, Ukraine and Burkina Faso. London, UK: PANOS and UNICEF.

Chaudhuri, P. 2006. “Sexual Harassment in the Workplace: Experiences of Women in the Health Sector.” Health and Population Innovation Fellowship Programme Working Paper no. 1. New York: Population Council. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/wp/India_HPIF/001.pdf1  

Chen, Peter for UNFPA CST Bangkok. 2006. Planning BCC Interventions: A Practical Handbook.” http://67.59.173.161/cst4/docs/bkbcchandbook.pdf

Cheng, Y., C. Lou, L. Mueller, S. Zhao, J. Yang, Z. Tu and E. Gao. 2008. “Effectiveness of a School-based AIDS Education Program among Rural Students in HIV High Epidemic Area of China.” Journal of Adolescent Health 42: 184-191.

Christofides, N., D. Muirhead, R. Jewkes, L. Penn-Kekana and D. Conco. 2005. “Women’s Experience of and Preferences for Services after Rape in South Africa: Interview Study.” British Medical Journal 332: 209-213. http://www.bmj.com/content/332/7535/209.full?rss

Christofides, N., R. Jewkes, J. Lopez, L. Dartnall. 2006. “How to Conduct a Situation Analysis of Health Services for Survivors of Sexual Assault – A Guide.” http://www.svri.org/analysis.htm

Clarumunt, M. 1999. “Helping Ourselves to Help Others:  Self-care Guide for Those Who Work in the Field of Family Violence.” http://www.paho.org/spanish/hdp/hdw/gph7english.pdf

_____. 2003. Situation Analysis of the Medico-legal and Health Services for Victims of Sexual Violence in Central America. Subregional Report: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua.  San Jose, Costa Rica: PAHO, Gender and Health Unit. http://www.paho.org/English/AD/GE/gph14eng.pdf

Claramunt, M. and M. Cortes. 2003. Situacion de los Servicios Medico-legales y de Salud para Victimas de Violencia Sexual en Centroamerica: Informe Subregional: Belice, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua.  San Jose, Costa Rica: Programa Mujer, Salud y Desarrollo. OPS. http://www.paho.org/Spanish/AD/GE/gph14.pdf

Claramunt, M., Vega, M., Chavarría, I. 2010. Lecciones Aprendidas y Buenas Prácticas Desarrolladas en los Servicios de Salud de Cuatro Países de América Latina: Bolivia, Brasil, Costa Rica y México. Ipas, Armonie, UNFPA. 

Cohn, F., M. Salmon, J. Stobo (Eds.) and the Board on Children, Youth and Families, Institute of Medicine. 2002. Confronting Chronic Neglect: The Education and Training of Health Professionals on Family Violence.  Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Colombini, C. Forthcoming. Towards an Integrated Health-Sector Response to Violence against Women: An Analysis of State-Level Responses in Malaysia. London, UK: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. PhD Thesis.

Colombini, C., S. Mayhew, and C. Watts. 2008. “Health-sector Responses to Intimate Partner Violence in Low- and Middle-income Settings: A Review of Current Models, Challenges and Opportunities.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 86 (8): 635-642. http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/8/07-045906.pdf

Coker A. 2007. “Does Physical Intimate Partner Violence Affect Sexual Health?: A Systematic Review.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 8(2): 149-177.

Commonwealth Secretariat, 2003. Integrating Approaches to Eliminating Gender-based Violence. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/shared_asp_files/uploadedfiles/%7BBC734E4C-36AC-482D-984A-593228DB5F8D%7D_gender%20violence.pdf

Cook, R., B. Dickens and S. Thapa. 2005. “Caring for Victims of Sexual Abuse.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 91 (2): 194-199.

Council of Europe General Recommendation. 2002. Rec 5, para. 27 Benefits of Coordination, StopVAW, The Advocates for Human Rights.

Council of Europe, Ruuskanen, E. and K. Aromaa. 2008. Administrative data collection on domestic violence in Council of Europe member states. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.  http://www.coe.int/t/dc/files/themes/violence_femmes/admin_data.pdf 

Council of Europe, Kelly, L. 2008a. Combating Violence against Women:  Minimum Standards for Support Services. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. http://www.coe.int/t/dc/files/themes/violence_femmes/minimum_standards_en.pdf

Cripe, S., S. E. Sanchez, M. T. Perales, N. Lam, P. Garcia and M. Williams. 2008. "Association of intimate partner physical and sexual violence with unintended pregnancy among pregnant women in Peru." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 100 (2): 104-108. http://www.genderbias.net/docs/resources/guideline/Association%20of%20intimate%20partner%20physical%20and%20sexual.pdf

Croce-Galis, M. 2008. Strategies for CHANGE: Breaking Barriers to HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care for Women. NY, NY: Open Society Institute. www.soros.org   

Daphne Project. 2008. The Power to Change: How to set up and run support groups for victims and survivors of domestic violence. Budapest: NANE Women's Rights Association.  http://www.womensaid.org.uk/domestic-violence-articles.asp?section=00010001002200370001&itemid=1841

De Bruyn, M. 2003. Violence, Pregnancy and Abortion: Issues of Women’s Rights and Public Health. Chapel Hill, NC: Ipas. http://www.ipas.org/Publications/asset_upload_file299_2460.pdf

De Pinho, H., R. Murthy, J. Moorman and S. Weller. 2005. "Integration of Health Services." InThe Right Reforms? Health Sector Reforms and Sexual and Reproductive Health: 227. Johannesburg: Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand.

Defensoria del Pueblo y Profamilia. 2007a. Modulo de la A a Z en Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos para funcionarios y funcionarias con enfasis en violencia intrafamliar y violencia sexual. Colombia. http://www.rgs.gov.co/img_upload/7e2ae91df25ab11ab90322e0dd2bdb1d/Modulo_de_la_a_a_la_z_en_derechos_sexuales_y_reproductivos__mayo_20_de_08_.pdf

_____. 2007b. Guia para la Formacion en Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos: Para Poblacion en Situacion de Desplazamiento con Enfasis en Violencia Intrafamiliar y Violencia Sexual. Colombia. www.torreblanca.com.co

Dehn, J., Reinikka, R. and Svensson, J. 2003. “Survey Tools for Assessing Performance in Service Delivery.” Available from: http://www.u4.no/themes/pets/petsreferences.cfm

Devries K et al 2010.  Paper presented at the Vienna AIDS Conference.  Forthcoming publication on the Global Burden of Disease. 

Druce, N. and A. Nolan. 2007. “Seizing the Big Missed Opportunity: Linking HIV and Maternity Care Services in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Reproductive Health Matters 15 (30): 190-201.

Du Mont, J. and D. White. 2007. The Uses and Impact of Medico-legal Evidence in Sexual Assault Cases: A Global Review. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. www.svri.org/medico.pdf.

Dunkle, K., R. Jewkes, H. Brown, G. Gray, J. McIntyre and S. Harlow. 2004. “Gender-based Violence, Relationship Power, and the Risk of HIV Infection in Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in South Africa.” The Lancet 363 (9419): 1415-1421. http://download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/0140-6736/PIIS0140673604160984.pdf

Dunkle, K.L., R.K. Jewkes, M. Nduna, J. Levin, N. Jama, N. Khuzwayo, M.P. Koss and N. Duvvury. 2006. “Perpetration of partner violence and HIV risk behaviour among young men in the rural Eastern Cape, South Africa.” AIDS 20(16): 2107-14.

Dunne, M., S. Humphreys and F. Leach. 2003. “Gender Violence in Schools.” Background Paper for UNESCO-EFA Monitoring Report.

Duvvury, N., C. Grown and J. Redner. 2004. Costs of Intimate Partner Violence at the Household and Community Levels: An Operational Framework for Developing Countries.  Washington, D.C.: International Center for Research on Women. http://www.icrw.org/docs/2004_paper_costingviolence.pdf?bcsi_scan_A8AA4F79F19141A2=0&bcsi_scan_filename=2004_paper_costingviolence.pdf    

Duvvury, N., N. Prasad and N. Kishore. 2006. HIV & AIDS – Stigma and Violence Intervention Manual.  Washington, D.C.: International Center for Research on Women. http://www.icrw.org/docs/2006_SVRI-Manual.pdf

Dworkin, S.L. and A.A. Ehrardt. 2007. “Going beyond “ABC” to include “GEM”: Critical reflections on progress in the HIV/AIDS epidemic.” American Journal of Public Health 97 (1): 13-18. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17138923

ECLAC (The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean). 2002. “Data Collection System for Domestic Violence.” http://www.eclac.org/mujer/noticias/noticias/7/14217/lccarg691i.pdf

Ellis, J.C., S. Ahmad and E.M. Molynuex. 2005. “Introduction of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis for sexually abused children in Malawi”. Arch Dis Child. 90: 1297-1299.

Ellsberg, M. 2006. "Violence against women and the Millennium Development Goals: Facilitating women's access to support." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 94 (3): 325-332.

Ellsberg, M. 2008. “What Difference Are We Making? Challenges in Evaluating VAW and HIV Interventions.” PowerPoint presentation on July 31 to UNIFEM workshop on program design and evaluation, Mexico City, Mexico.

Ellsberg, M. and C. Arcas. 2001. Review of PAHO’s Project: Towards an Integrated Model of Care for Family Violence in Central America. Final Project. Stockholm, Sweden: Department for Democracy and Social Development, SIDA. http://www.paho.org/English/ad/ge/LessonsFinal.pdf  

Ellsberg, M. and L. Heise. 2002. “Bearing Witness: Ethics in Domestic Violence Research.” The Lancet 359 (9317): 1599-1604.

Ellsberg, M. and L. Heise. 2005.  Researching Violence against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists.  Geneva, Switzerland and Seattle, Washington: WHO and PATH. http://www.path.org/files/GBV_rvaw_complete.pdf

Ellsberg, M. and L. Heise. 2006.  Researching Violence Against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Advocates. Geneva: Program for Appropriate Technology in Health and WHO.

Ellsberg, M. and L. Heise. 2007. Investigando la Violencia contra  las Mujeres. Managua, Nicaragua: WHO and PATH.

Ellsberg, Mary, Henrica A. F. M. Jansen, Lori Heise, Charlotte H. Watts and Claudia Garcia-Moreno. 2008. "Intimate partner violence and women's physical and mental health in the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence: an observational study." The Lancet 375 (9619): 1165-1172.

End Violence against Women, Equality and Human Rights Commission. 2007. Map of Gaps: The Postcode Lottery of Violence Against Women Support Services. http://www.endviolenceagainstwomen.org.uk/data/files/map_of_gaps.pdf

Engenderhealth and ICW (The International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS). 2006. Sexual and Reproductive Health for HIV-Positive Women and Adolescent Girls: Manual for Trainers and Programme Managers. NY, NY: Engenderhealth and ICW. http://www.engenderhealth.org/files/pubs/hiv-aids-stis/SRH_for_HIV_Positive_Women_English.pdf

Engenderhealth and UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund). 2006. “Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV: Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and Ukraine.” http://www.unfpa.org/public/publications/pid/1281

Ergonen, A., S. Salacin, S. Karademir, Y. Gursel and B. Musal. 2007. “A Domestic Violence Course for Medical Students: A Study on Its Effectiveness.” Journal of Family Violence 22: 441-447.

Erulkar, A. 2004. “The Experience of Sexual Coercion among Young People in Kenya.” International Family Planning Perspectives 30(4): 182-189.

Espinosa, R., Gutierrez, M., Mena-Munoz, J. and Cordoba, P. 2008. “Domestic Violence Surveillance System: A Model.” Salud Publica de Mexico 50 (Supplement 1): S12-S18. http://www.scielosp.org/pdf/spm/v50s1/a04v50s1.pdf

Feder, G., Ramsay, J., Dunne, D., Rose, M., Arsene, C., Norman, R., Kuntze, S. Spencer, A., Bacchus, L., Hague, G., Warburton, A. and Taket, A. 2009. How far Does Screening Women for Domestic (Partner) Violence in Different Health-care Settings Meet Criteria for a Screening Programme? Systematic Reviews of Nine UK National Screening Committee Criteria. Health Technology Assessment 13(16). http://www.hta.ac.uk/fullmono/mon1316.pdf

Ferguson, L., S. Gruskin, S. Ahmed, et al. 2007. “The nexus of sexuality, gender and human rights: addressing common underlying factors linking gender-based violence and HIV.“ Cult Health Sex 9 (Supplement 1): S7-S8.

FHI (Family Health International). 2006. “Chapter 7: Counseling Victims of Sexual Violence.” In Meeting the Needs of Young Clients: A Guide to Providing Reproductive Health Services to Adolescentshttp://www.fhi.org/en/RH/Pubs/servdelivery/adolguide/Chapter7.htm

FHI (Family Health International) and IRC (International Rescue Committee). N.d. “Communication Skills in Working with Survivors of Gender-Based Violence: A Five-day Training of Trainers Workshop.” http://www.rhrc.org/resources/gbv/comm_manual/comm_manual.pdf

Fantuzzo, J., H. Stevenson, S. Kabir and M. Perry. 2007. “An Investigation of a Community-based Intervention for Socially Isolated Parents with a History of Child Maltreatment.” Journal of Family Violence 22: 81-89.

Fikree, F., S. Jafarey, R. Korejo, A. Khan and J. Durocher. 2004. “Pakistani Obstetricians’ Recognition of and Attitude towards Domestic Violence Screening.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 87: 59-65.

Finger, William R. 2000. "Programs for Adolescents: Encouraging Youth-friendly Clinics." Network: Adolescent Reproductive Health 20 (3). http://www.fhi.org/en/RH/Pubs/Network/v20_3/NW20-3clinyouth.htm

Finkelhor, D. 1994. “Current Information on the Scope and Nature of Child Sexual Abuse,” The Future of Children 4 (2): 31-53.

Fleischman, J. 2002. Suffering in Silence: The Links between Human Rights Abuses and HIV Transmission to Girls in Zambia. New York, NY: Human Rights Watch.

Forbes, K. M., N. Lomax, L. Cunningham, J. Hardie, H. Noble, L. Sarner, et al. 2008. “Partner notification in pregnant women with HIV: findings from three inner-city clinics.” HIV Medicine 9 (6): 433-435. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18484979

Fullwood, C. 2006. “Community Involvement Helps Prevent Domestic Violence.”  In L. Yount (Ed.). How Can Domestic Violence Be Prevented? Detroit, Michigan: Greenhaven Press.

Gaikwad, S. and R. Kumar. 2008. Developing a Rapid Crises System to Reduce Sex Workers’ Vulnerability to HIV Infection. Abstract MOPE0552. Mexico City, Mexico: IAC. 

Gaillard, P., R. Melis, F. Mwanyumba, P. Claeys, E. Mugai, K. Mandaily, J. Bwayo and M. Temmerman. 2002. “Vulnerability of Women in an African Setting: Lessons for Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission Prevention Programmes.” AIDS 16(6): 937-939.

Gancheva, Y. and Davidson, D.I. (Eds.). 2006. “The costs of domestic violence against women in FYR Macedonia. A costing exercise for 2006.” Available from: http://www.unifem.sk/index.cfm?Module=Static&page=w&s=resources  

García-Moreno, C. 2002a. “Violence against Women: Consolidating a Public Health Agenda.” In G. Sen, A. George and P. Ostlin (Eds.), Engendering International Health: The Challenge of Equity: 111-142. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

García-Moreno, C. 2002b. “Dilemmas and Opportunities for an Appropriate Health-services Response to Violence against Women.” The Lancet 359: 1509-1514.

Garcia-Moreno, C. 2006. “Introduction.” In R. Goldberg, Living Up to Their Name: Profamilia Takes on Gender-based Violence. Series: Quality/Calidad/Qualite. New York, NY: Population Council.

García-Moreno, Claudia. 2009. "Intimate-partner violence and fetal loss." The Lancet 373 (9660): 278-279.

García-Moreno, C, L. Heise, H. Jansen, M. Ellsberg and C. Watts. 2005.  “Violence against Women.” Science 310: 1282-1283.

García-Moreno, Claudia and Heidi Stöckl. 2009. "Protection of sexual and reproductive health rights: Addressing violence against women." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 106 (2): 144-147.

Gee, Rebekah E., Nandita Mitra, Fei Wan, Diana E. Chavkin and Judith A. Long. 2009. "Power over parity: intimate partner violence and issues of fertility control." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 201 (2): 148.e1-148.e7. http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(09)00442-6/fulltext

Gerlach, Lauren B., Elizabeth M. Datner, Judd E. Hollander, Kara E. Zogby, Jennifer L. Robey and Douglas J. Wiebe. 2007. "Does sex matter? Effect of screener sex in intimate partner violence screening." The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 25 (9): 1047-1050.

Glasier, Anna, Metin A. Gülmezoglu, George P. Schmid, Claudia Garcia Moreno and Paul F. A. Van Look. 2006. "Sexual and reproductive health: a matter of life and death." The Lancet 368 (9547): 1595-1607.

Gielen, A.C., K.A. McDonnell, J.G. Burke, and P. O’Campo. 2000. “Women’s lives after an HIV-positive diagnosis: disclosure and violence.” Matern Child Health J 4 (2): 111-120. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10994579

Global AIDS Alliance. 2006. Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS. Washington, D.C.: Global AIDS Alliance.  http://www.mincava.umn.edu/documents/vaw-aids/ZeroTolerance_Women_AIDS.pdf  

_____. 2008. Scaling Up for Zero Tolerance: Civil Society Leadership in Eliminating Violence Against Women and Girls in Ghana, Rwanda and South Africa. Washington, D.C.: Global AIDS Alliance. http://aidsalliance.3cdn.net/2f5db5bbcfff09d84d_jlm6bwuw3.pdf

Global Migration Group. 2008. “International Migration and Human Rights : Challenges and Opportunities on the Threshold of the 60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.”  http://www.globalmigrationgroup.org/pdf/Int_Migration_Human_Rights.pdf

Go, V., C. Sethulakshmi, M. Bentley, S. Sivaram, A. Srikrishnan, S. Solomon and D. Celetano. 2003. “When HIV Prevention Messages and Gender Norms Clash: The Impact of Domestic Violence on Women’s HIV Risk in Slums of Chennai, India.” AIDS and Behavior 7 (3): 263-272.

Government of Northwest Frontier Province, UNICEF and Save the Children. 2005. Disciplining the Child: Practices and Impacts. Schools and Literacy Dept, Government of NWFP (Pakistan).

Goldberg, R. 2006. Living Up to Their Name: Profamilia Takes on Gender-based Violence.  Series: Quality/Calidad/Qualite. New York, NY: Population Council. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/qcq/QCQ18.pdf

Golding, J. M. 1996. “Sexual assault history and limitations in physical functioning in two general population samples.” Research in Nursing & Health 19: 33–44.

Grisurapong, S. 2002. “Establishing a One-stop Crises Center for Women Suffering Violence in Khonkaen, Thailand.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S27-S38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T7M-45NPJ3N-8&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f783772830254e14d51b64191e8b34da

Guedes, A. 2004. Addressing Gender-Based Violence from the Reproductive Health/HIV Sector: A Literature Review and Analysis. Washington, D.C.: USAID, Bureau for Global Health. Interagency Gender Working Group. http://www.prb.org/igwg_media/AddressGendrBasedViolence.pdf

Guedes, A., S. Bott and Y. Cuca. 2002a. “Integrating Systematic Screening for Gender-based Violence into Sexual and Reproductive Health Services: Results of a Baseline Study by the International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S57-S63.

Guedes, A., L. Stevens, J. Helzner and S. Medina. 2002b. “Addressing Gender Violence in a Reproductive and Sexual Health Program in Venezuela.” In N. Haberland and D. Measham (Eds.), Responding to Cairo: Case Studies of Changing Practice in Reproductive Health and Family Planning: 257-273. New York, NY: Population Council. http://www.ippfwhr.org/sites/default/files/files/GBV_Venez_EN.pdf

Guedes, A., S. Bott, A. Guezmes and J. Helzner. 2002c. “Gender-based Violence, Human Rights and the Health Sector: Lessons from Latin America.” Health and Human Rights 6 (1): 177-193.

Gueznes, A. 2002. Sistematizacion del Proyecto de IPPF: Proyecto para Combatir la Violencia Basada en Genero de America Latina. New York: IPPF/WHR.

Guo, S., J. Wu, C. Qu and R. Yan. 2004. “Physical and Sexual Abuse before, during and after Pregnancy.” International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 84: 281-286.

Gupta Geeta, R. and Weiss E. 2007. “Creating an enabling context to prevent HIV infection among women and girls.” ICRW. http://data.unaids.org/pub/ExternalDocument/2007/20070608_gupta_weiss_genderandhivpaper_en.pdf

Hadi, A. 2005. “Women’s Productive Role and Marital Violence in Bangladesh.” Journal of Family Violence 20 (3): 181-189.

Haider, H. 2009. “Helpdesk Research Report:  Violence Against Women Interventions.“ Governance and Social Development Resource Center. http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/HD623.pdf

Hainsworth, Gwyn and I. Zilhão. 2009. From Inception to Large Scale: The Geração Biz Programme in Mozambique. Geneva: World Health Organization, Pathfinder International.  http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241598347_eng.pdf

Hale, F. and Vasquez, M./Development Connections, the International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS and UN Women. 2011. Violence Against Women Living with  HIV/AIDS: A Background Paper. http://www.dvcn.org/uploads/client_70/files/VAPositiveWBkgrdPaper2011.pdf 

Hamberger, K., C. Guse, J. Boerger, D. Minsky, D. Pape and C. Folsom. 2004. “Evaluation of a Health Care Provider Training Program to Identify and Help Partner Violence Victims.” Journal of Family Violence 19 (1): 1-11.

Haque, Y. and J. Clarke. 2002. “The Woman Friendly Hospital Initiative in Bangladesh Setting: Standards for the Care of Women Subject to Violence.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S45-S49.

Harvard School of Public Health, Program on International Health and Human Rights. 2006. “HIV/AIDS and Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Literature Review.” http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pihhr/files/resources_and_publications/literature_reviews/Final_Literature_Review.pdf

_____. 2009. UNFPA Project, Gender- Based Violence and HIV: Final DRAFT Report. http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pihhr/files/homepage/program_resources/GBV_HIV_FINAL_DRAFT_REPORT_SEPT_2009.pdf  

Hegarty, K., A. Taft and G. Feder. 2008. “Clinical Review: Violence between Intimate Partners: Working with the Whole Family.” British Medical Journal 337: 346-351.

Heise, L., J. Pitanguy and A. Germain. 1994. Violence Against Women: The Hidden Health Burden. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/1999/04/28/000009265_3970716144635/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf

Heise, L., M. Ellsberg and M. Gottemoeller. 1999. "Ending Violence Against Women." Population Reports XXVII, No. 4. http://www.infoforhealth.org/pr/l11/violence.pdf  

Heise L, et al. 2002. “A Global Overview of Gender-Based Violence.” International Journal of Gyneocology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S5-S14.

Henttonen, M., C. Watts, B. Roberts, F. Kaducu and M. Borchert. 2008. "Health Services for Survivors of Gender-Based Violence in Northern Uganda: A Qualitative Study." Reproductive Health Matters 16 (31): 122-131.

Hester, M. and N. Westmarland.  2005 “Tackling Domestic Violence: Effective Approaches and Interventions,” Home Office Research Study, no. 290. London: Home Office. http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs05/hors290.pdf

Hindin, Patricia K. 2006. "Intimate Partner Violence Screening Practices of Certified Nurse-Midwives." Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health 51 (3): 216-221.

Hoog, C. 2003."Model Protocol on Screening Practices for Domestic Violence Victims with Disabilities." (Updated 2010)

http://www.wscadv.org/docs/protocol_disability_screening.pdf

Hope, R. 2007. Addressing Cross-Generational Sex: A Desk Review of Research and Programs. Washington, D.C.: Population Reference Bureau.

Horizons Program and Instituto Promundo. 2006. “Promoting more gender-equitable norms and behaviours among young men as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy.”  http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/horizons/brgendernorms.pdf

Human Rights Watch. 2003. Just Die Quietly: Domestic Violence and Women’s Vulnerability to HIV in Uganda. New York: Human Rights Watch.

Hyman, A. and L. Castleman. 2007. Women-Centered Abortion Care: Reference Manual. Carrboro, NC: IPAS.

http://www.ipas.org/Publications/asset_upload_file756_3166.pdf.

IAWG (Interagency Working Group) of USAID. 2010. “Inter-agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings.” http://www.iawg.net/resources/field_manual.html

ICRW (The International Center for Research on Women). 2003. “How to make the law work?  Budgetary Implication of Domestic Violence Policies in Latin America.” www.icrw./org/docs/dv_budgets_703.pdf

_____. 2006. Reducing Women’s and Girls’ Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS by Strengthening their Property and Inheritance Rights. Information Bulletin. Washington, D.C.: ICRW.  

_____. 2007. "How to End Child Marriage."  http://www.icrw.org/docs/2007-childmarriagepolicy.pdf

ICRW (The International Center for Research on Women) and CARE. 2007. ISOFI: Inner Spaces Outer Faces Initiative Toolkit: Tools for Learning and Action on Gender and Sexuality. Washington, D.C. and Atlanta, Georgia. http://www.icrw.org/docs/isofi_toolkit.pdf 

IGWG (Interagency Gender Working Group) of USAID. 2008. Addressing Gender-based Violence through USAID’s Health Programs: A Guide for Health Sector Program Officers, 2nd edition). Washington, D.C.: IGWG of USAID.  http://www.igwg.org/~/media/IGWG_Media/pdf/GBVGuide08_EnglishPDF.ashx

IGWG (Interagency Gender Working Group) of USAID. 2009. A Manual for Integrating Gender Into Reproductive Health and HIV Programs: From Commitment to Action (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau.  http://www.prb.org/igwg_media/manualintegrgendr09_eng.pdf  

IMIFAP (Instituto Mexicano de Investigación de Familia y Población). N.d. “Rostros y Mascaras de la Violencia en el Noviazgo: Un taller sobre Amistad y noviazgo para adolescents.” Mexico. Website: www.imifap.org.mx

Instituto Promundo / Horizons. 2006. “Promoting More Gender-Equitable Norms and Behaviours Among Young Men as an HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategy.” http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/horizons/brgendernorms.pdf

Inter-agency Standing Committee. 2005. “IASC Guidelines for Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings: Focusing on Prevention of and Response to Sexual Violence in Emergencies.” http://www.humanitarianinfo.org/iasc/pageloader.aspx?page=content-subsidi-tf_gender-gbv

_____. 2009. Women, Girls, Boys & Men. Different Needs – Equal Opportunities Inter-agency Standing Committee Gender Handbook in Humanitarian Action. Geneva: Inter-agency Standing Committee.  http://ochaonline.un.org/HumanitarianIssues/GenderEquality/KeyDocuments/IASCGenderHandbook/tabid/1384/language/en-US/Default.aspx

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and UNFPA, 2009. Intimate Partner Violence—High Costs to Households and Communities. ICRW and UNFPA, Washington, D.C and New York.

International HIV/AIDS Alliance. 2008. “Sex Work, Violence and HIV. A guide for Programmes with Sex Workers” Brighton, UK. Website: www.aidsalliance.org ;http://200.37.88.12/ciudadaniasx/docs/Sex_%20work_violence_and_HIV.pdf

 International HIV/AIDS Alliance and PACT, Tanzania. 2007. “Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action (Revised edition).” http://www.aidsalliance.org/publicationsdetails.aspx?id=255. 

International Migration and the Millennium Development Goals. 2005. “Expert Group Meeting on International Migration and the Millennium Development Goals.” Marrakech, Morocco on 11-12 May 2005, UNFPA.

IntraHealth International Twubakane Project, 2008. “Twubakane GBV/PMTCT Readiness Assessment Tools.” http://www.intrahealth.org/page/twubakane-gbvpmtct-readiness-assessment-toolkit2.

IOM (International Organization for Migration). 2006. Breaking the Cycle of Vulnerability: Responding to the Health Needs of Trafficked Women in East and Southern Africa. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/shared/mainsite/published_docs/books/Breaking_the_Cycle2.pdf.

_____ 2007. Handbook on Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/shared/mainsite/published_docs/books/CT%20handbook.pdf.

_____ 2009. Working to Prevent and Address Violence Against Women Migrant Workers. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/pub/.bgwkgubxouuhlg/Gender_Report.pdf.

_____ 2009a. An Action Oriented Training Manual on Gender, Migration and HIV. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. http://iom.org.za/site/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=22&limit=5&limitstart=5&order=date&dir=DESC. 

IOM (International Organization for Migration), UN.GIFT (United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Trafficking in Persons), LSHTM (London School for Hygiene & Tropical Medicine). 2009. Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidelines for Health Providers. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.  http://www.ungift.org/docs/ungift/Steering-committee/CT_Handbook.pdf.

IPPF (International Planned Parenthood Federation). 2000-2002.Basta!” A Newsletter on Integrating the Issues of Gender-based Violence into Sexual and Reproductive Health. New. York: IPPF/ WHR. www.ippfwhr.org.

_____. 2004. Conducting a Rapid Diagnosis of the Situation in Improving Health Sector Response to Gender-based violence: A Resource Manual for Health Care Professionals in Developing Countries. http://www.ippfwhr.org/files/GBV_Guide_EN.pdf.

IPPF/WHR (International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region). 2000. “Tools for Service Providers Working With Victims of Gender-Based Violence. http://www.ippfwhr.org/atf/cf/%7B4FA48DB8-CE54-4CD3-B335-553F8BE1C230%7D/tools_gbv_en.pdf.

Ipas. 2008. HIV/AIDS, unwanted pregnancy and abortion: the situation today and what needs to be done. Chapel Hill, NC: Ipas. http://www.ipas.org/Publications/asset_upload_file742_3732.pdf

IRC (International Rescue Committee). 2009. Clinical Care for Sexual Assault Survivors.http://clinicalcare.rhrc.org 

IRC (International Rescue Committee) and FHI (Family Health International). 2000. “Communication Skills in Working with Survivors of Gender-based Violence:  A Five-day Training Manual”. http://www.rhrc.org/resources/gbv/comm_manual/comm_manual_toc.html

Islam, M. 2007. “Chapter 7:  Health Financing Module.” In Health Systems Assessment Approach:  A How-to Manual. Arlington, VA: Management Sciences for Health. http://healthsystems2020.org/files/528_file_Manual_Complete.pdf

Jacobs, T. and R. Jewkes. 2002.  “Vezimfilho: A Model for Health Sector Response to Gender Violence in South Africa.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S51-S56.

Jejeebhoy, S. and S. Bott. 2003. Non-consensual Sexual Experience of Young People: A Review of the Evidence from Developing Countries. South and East Asia Regional Working Paper No. 16. New Delhi, India: The Population Council.

Jennings, M. 2010. Community of Practice in Building Referral Systems for Women Victims of Violence (UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East).

Jewkes, R. 2000. The HIV/AIDS emergency: Guidelines for Educators. Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Education. http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/file_download.php/1d32f8528c267f37058a9787e12c4fafguidelines.pdf.

Jewkes, R. 2002. “Preventing Sexual Violence: A Rights-based Approach.” The Lancet 360 (9339): 1092-1093.

Jewkes, R. 2006. Paper for Policy Guidance: Strengthening the Health sector Response to Sexual Violence. Unpublished.

Jewkes, R., J. Levin, N. Mbananga and D. Bradshaw. 2002. "Rape of Girls in South Africa." The Lancet 359 (9303): 319-320.

Jewkes, R., M. Nduna, J. Levin, N. Jama, K. Dunkle, N. Khuzwayo, M. Koss, A. Puren, K. Wood, and N. Duvvury. 2006. "A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial to Determine the Effectiveness of Stepping Stones in Preventing HIV Infections and Promoting Safer Sexual Behaviour Amongst Youth in the Rural Eastern Cape, South Africa: Trial Design, Methods and Baseline Findings." Tropical Medicine and International Health 11(1): 3-16.

Jewkes, R., M. Nduna, J. Levin, N. Jama, K. Dunkle, K. Wood, M. Koss, A. Puren, and N. Duvvury. 2007. Evaluation of Stepping Stones: A Gender Transformative HIV Prevention Intervention. Pretoria: Media Research Council.

Jewkes R.K, Dunkle K, Nduna M, Shai N. 2010. Intimate Partner Violence, Relationship Power Inequity, and Incidence of HIV Infection in Young Women in South Africa: A Cohort Study. The Lancet, Early Online Publication, 16 June 2010: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(10)60548-X/abstract

Kalia, A., D. Bajaj and S. Mann. 2006. “Community based interventions for addressing violence against women and HIV/AIDS.” Abstract no. CDD0177. AIDS 2006 - XVI International AIDS Conference. Toronto, Canada.

Kalichman, S. and L. Simbayi. 2004. “Sexual Assault History and Risks for Sexually Transmitted Infections among Women in an African Township in Cape Town, South Africa.” AIDS Care 16(6): 681-689.

Kambou, S., V. Magar, J. Gay and H. Lary. 2006. Walking the Talk: ISOFI, A Gender and Sexuality Initiative. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women. http://www.icrw.org/docs/2006_isofi.pdf.

Kapoor, S. 2000. “Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls, “Innocenti Digest 6: 6.

Keesbury J. and Askew I. 2010. Comprehensive responses to gender based violence in low-resource settings: Lessons learned from implementation. Population Council. www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/2010RH_CompRespGBV.pdf                       

Kidd, R., N. Prasad, Tajuddin M. Jyothsna, R. Ginni R. and N. Duvvury. 2007a.  “Reducing HIV Stigma and Gender Based Violence Toolkit for Health Care Providers in India.” http://www.hrhresourcecenter.org/node/2460 

Kidd, R., N. Prasad, Tahuddin M. Jyothsna, R. Ginni and N.  Duvvury. 2007b. Reducing HIV/AIDS Stigma, Discrimination and Gender-based Violence Among Health Care Providers in India. Washington, D.C.: The International Center for Research on Women. http://www.siyanda.org/search/summary.cfm?nn=2816&ST=SS&Keywords=%22gender%2Dbased%20violence%20%26%20HIV%22&SUBJECT=0&Donor=&StartRow=1&Ref=Sim.

Killian, S., S. Sulliman, N. Fakier and S. Seedat. 2007. “Rape Survivors and the Provision of HIV Post-exposure Prophylaxis.” South African Medical Journal 97 (8): 585-586.

Kilonzo, N. and M. Taegtmeyer. 2005. “Comprehensive Post-Rape Care Services in Resource-Poor Settings: Lessons learnt from Kenya, Liverpool VCT, Policy Briefings for Health Sector Reform.” http://www.aidsportal.org/Article_Details.aspx?ID=5458

Kilonzo, N., M. Taegtmeyer, C. Molyneux, J. Kibaru, V. Kimonji and S.  Theobald. 2008. “Engendering health sector responses to sexual violence and HIV in Kenya: Results of a qualitative study.” AIDS Care 20(2): 188-90.

Kilonzo, N. 2008a. Presentation at International AIDS Conference, Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico.

Kilonzo N., S.J. Theobald, E. Nyamato, C. Ajema, H. Muchela, J. Kibaru, E. Rogena and M. Taegtmeyer. 2009. "Delivering post-rape care services: Kenya’s experience in developing integrated services." Bulletin World Health Organization 87 (7): 555-9. http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/87/7/08-052340/en/index.html.

Kim, J. and M. Motsei. 2002. “Women Enjoy Punishment: Attitudes and Experiences of Gender-Based Violence among PHC nurses in rural South Africa.” http://web.wits.ac.za/NR/rdonlyres/2FEC090D-7D13-4ED5-ADA2-5C4106955A2A/0/Women_enjoy_punishment.pdf.

Kim, J, L Martin and L Denny. 2003. “Rape and HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis: Addressing the Dual Epidemics in South Africa.” Reproductive Health Matters 11 (22): 101-112.

Kim, J., L. Mokwena, E. Ntelmo, N. Dwane, A. Noholoza, T. Abramsky, E. Marinda, I. Askew, J. Chege, S. Mullick, L. Gerntholtz, L. Vetten and A. Meerkotter. 2007a. Developing an Integrated Model for Post-Rape Care and HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in Rural South Africa. Washington, D.C.: Population Council, Rural AIDS & Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa and Tshwaranang Legal Advocacy Centre, South Africa. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADK615.pdf

Kim, J.C., C.H. Watts, J.R. Hargreaves, L.X. Ndhlovu, G. Phetla, L.A. Morison, J. Busza, J.D. Porter and P. Pronyk. 2007b. “Understanding the Impact of a Microfinance-Based Intervention on Women's Empowerment and the Reduction of Intimate Partner Violence in South Africa.” American Journal of Public Health 97(10): 1794-802. www.web.ac.za/academic/health/PublicHealth/Radar.

Kim, J.C., I. Askew, L. Muvhango, N. Dwane, T. Abramsky, S. Jan, E. Ntlemo, J. Chege and C. Watts, C. 2009. The Refentse Model for Post-Rape Care: Strengthening Sexual Assault Care and HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in a District Hospital in Rural South Africa. Population Council. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/frontiers/FR_FinalReports/SouthAfrica_RADAR.pdf

Kimuna, S. and Y. Djamba. 2008. “Gender Based Violence: Correlates of Physical and Sexual Wife Abuse in Kenya.” Journal of Family Violence 23: 333-342.

Klein, S.J., J.M. Tesoriero, S.Y. Leung, K.K. Heavner and G.S. Birkhead. 2008. “Screening Persons Newly Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS for Risk of Intimate Partner Violence: Early Progress in Changing Practice.” J Public Health Manag Pract. 14 (5): 420-428. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18708884.

Koenig, M., I. Zablostka, T. Lutalo, F. Nalugoda, J. Wagman and R. Gray. 2004. “Coerced First Intercourse and Reproductive Health among Adolescent Women in Rakai, Uganda.” International Family Planning Perspectives 30 (4): 156-164.

Koziol-McLain, Jane, Lynne Giddings, Maria Rameka and Elaine Fyfe. "Intimate Partner Violence Screening and Brief Intervention: Experiences of Women in Two New Zealand Health Care Settings." Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health 53 (6): 504-510.

Krug, E., Dahlberg, L.L., Mercy, J.A., Zwi, A.B. and Lozano, R. (Eds.). 2002. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO

KwaZulu-Natal Network on Violence against Women and AIDS Legal Network. 2006. “Gender Violence, HIV and AIDS: Break the Cycle, Break the Silence.” Training Manual. http://www.aln.org.za/newgender.asp .

Ledray, L. 1999. Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner: Development and Operation Guide. Washington, D.C.: US DOJ. http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/publications/infores/sane/saneguide.pdf.

Lima, G., P. Leitaoe and M. Vieira. 2008. “AIDS and Gender-based Violence: Psychological Accompaniment at Gestos.” In A. Nilo (Ed.), Women, Violence & AIDS: Exploring Interfaces. Recife, Brazil: GESTOS.

Longfield, K., A. Glick, M. Waithaka and J. Berman. 2004. “Relationships Between Older Men and Younger Women: Implications for STIs/HIV in Kenya.” Studies in Family Planning 35 (2): 125-134.

Lovett, J.  and Kelly, L. 2009. Different Systems, Similar Outcomes? Tracking Attrition in Reported Rape Across Europe (London, U.K.: Child and Women Abuse Studies UNIT (CWASU); Centre for Independent Research, Evaluation, Training, Consultancy and Networking from a Feminist Perspective, London Metropolitan University). www.cwasu.org/filedown.asp?file=different_systems_03_web(2).pdf  

Luciano, D. 2007. Integrating HIV and Violence Against Women Policies and Programs – a Needs Assessment in the Dominican Republic. Washington, D.C.: Development Connections, UNIFEM. http://www.dvcn.org/Documents/ManualHIVVAWEN.pdf

_____. 2007b. “Estrategias nacionales sobre VIH y violencia contra las mujeres en America Latina y el Caribe: un reto impostergable.” DVCN Critiques, 1 (3). http://www.dvcn.org/content/hiv_violence_against_women

_____. 2009.Development Connections: A Manual for Integrating the Programmes and Services of HIV and VAW.”  http://www.dvcn.org/content/hiv_violence_against_women

Luke, N., S. Schuler, B. Mai, P. Thien and T. Minh. 2007. “Exploring Couple Attributes and Attitudes and Marital Violence in Vietnam.” Violence against Women 13 (1): 5-27.

MacLachlan, E., S. Neema, F. Ssall, E. Luyirika, C. Rwabukwali, M. Junker, T. Duncan and M. Harvey. 2008. Social-structural Factors in the Sexual Behavior of Women in ART Programs in Kampala and Masaka, Uganda. Abstract WEP0049. Mexico City, Mexico: IAC.

Machel, J. 2001. “Unsafe Sexual Behavior among Schoolgirls in Mozambique: A Matter of Gender and Class.” Reproductive Health Matters 9(17): 48-56.

Macy, R., S. Martin, L. Kupper, C. Casanueva and S. Guo. 2007. “Partner Violence among Women before, during and after Pregnancy: Multiple Opportunities for Intervention.” Women’s Health Issues 17: 290-299.

Makunda, V. 2009. Gender and HIV/AIDS in East and Southern Africa:  A review of Literature and Counry Programme Actions (UNICEF ESARO).

Maman, S., J. Mbwambo, N. Hogan, G. Kilonzo, M. Sweat and E. Weiss. 2000. HIV and Partner Violence: Implications for HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnacl410.pdf.

Maman, S., J. Campbell, M. Sweat and A. Gielen. 2000b. “The Intersections of HIV and Violence: Directions for Future Research and Interventions.” Social Science and Medicine 50 (4): 459-478.

Maman, S., J. Mbwambo, N. Hogan, G. Kilonzo and M. Sweat. 2001. “Women’s Barriers to HIV-1 Testing and Disclosure: Challenges for HIV-1 Voluntary Counseling and Testing.” AIDS Care 13(5): 595-603.

Maman S et al. 2002. HIV-positive Women Report more Lifetime Partner Violence: Findings from a Voluntary Counselling and Testing Clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. American Journal of Public Health, 92(8):1331–1337.

Maman, Suzanne and Amy Medley. 2004. Gender Dimensions of HIV Status Disclosure to Sexual Partners: Rates, Barriers and Outcomes. Geneva: World Health Organization Department of Gender and Women’s Health (GWH), Family and Community Health (FCH).  http://www.who.int/gender/documents/en/genderdimensions.pdf

Maman, S., E. King, A. Amin, C. Garica-Moreno, D. Higgins and A. Okero. 2006. Addressing Violence against Women in HIV Testing and Counseling: A Meeting Report. Geneva, Switzerland. WHO. http://www.who.int/gender/documents/VCT_addressing_violence.pdf.

Manfrin-Ledet, L. and D. Porche. 2003. “The State of Science: Violence and HIV Infection in Women.” Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care 14 (6): 56-68.

Martin, L. 2002. “Forensic Evidence for Sexual Assault: A South African Perspective.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S105-S110.

Martin, L. and T. Jacobs. 2003. Screening for Domestic Violence: A Policy and Management Framework for the Health Sector. Cape Town, South Africa: Institute of Criminology, University of Cape Town. http://web.uct.ac.za/depts/sjrp/publicat/protocol.pdf.

Martin, S., S. Young, D. Billings and C. Bross. 2007. “Health Care-based Interventions for Women Who Have Experienced Sexual Violence: A Review of the Literature.” Trauma, Violence and Abuse 8 (1): 3-18.

McFarlane, J., K. Soeken and W. Wiist. 2000. An Evaluation of Interventions to Decrease Intimate Partner Violence to Pregnant Women. Public Health Nursing, 17 (6): 443-451. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120707261/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0.

McFarlane, J., B. Parker and B. Cross. 2002. Abuse during Pregnancy:  A Protocol for Prevention and Intervention (2nd Edition).  http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/682_1471.asp.

McFarlane, J., J. Campbell, P. Sharpe and K. Watson. 2002a. “Abuse During Pregnancy and Femicide: Urgent Implications for Women’s Health.” Obstetrics & Gynecology 100 (1): pp. 27-36.

Mensch, B.S., J. Bruce, and M.E. Greene. 1998. The Uncharted Passage: Girls’ Adolescence in the Developing World. New York: The Population Council. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/wp/140.pdf 

Meneses, J., A. Nilo and A. Franco. 2008. “AIDS in the Shelters for Women Victim of Violence: An Interface to Be Built.” In A. Nilo (Ed.), Women, Violence & AIDS: Exploring Interfaces. Recife, Brazil: GESTOS.

Michau, L., D. Naker and Z. Swalehe. 2002. “Mobilizing Communities to End Violence against Women in Tanzania.” In Nicole Haberland and Diana Measham (Eds.), Responding to Cairo: Case Studies of Changing Practice in Reproductive Health and Family Planning. NY, NY: Population Council.

Michau, L. and C. Chevannes. 2009. SASA! Activist Kit for Preventing Violence against Women and HIV. http://www.raisingvoices.org/women/Sasa_film.php and http://www.raisingvoices.org/publications.php.

Ministry of Health, Brazil. 2005. Prevencao e Tratamento Dos Agravos Resultantes da Violencia Sexual Contra Mulheres E Adolescentes: Normas Technicas. http://www.ipas.org.br/arquivos/NT_prevencao_violencia.pdf.

_____. 2007.  Plano Integrado de Enfrentamento da Feminizacao da Epidemia de AIDS o outras DST. Brazil: Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde Programa Nacional de DST e Aids http://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/plano_feminizacao_final.pdf

Ministry of Health, Chili (Gobierno de Chile, Ministerio de Salud). 2004. Normas y Guia Clinica para la Atencion en Servicios de Urgencia de Personas Victimas de Violencia Sexual. www.scielo.cl/pdf/rchog/v70n1/art11.pdf.

Ministry of Health, Kenya. 2006. Trainer’s Manual for Rape Trauma Counsellors in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: Ministry of Health. http://www.preventgbvafrica.org/publications/reports/LiverpoolVCT_RapeTrauma.pdf

 ____. 2007. The Trainer’s Manual on Clinical Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence. Nairobi, Kenya: Ministry of Health.  http://www.svconference2008.org/publications/Trainers%20manual%20on%20clinical%20care%20for%20survivors.pdf

Ministry of Health, Kenya, Division of Reproductive Health and Liverpool VCT. 2004. National Guidelines: Medical Management of Rape/Sexual Violence. Nairobi, Kenya: Ministry of Health. http://www.drh.go.ke/documents/Guidelines_for%20medical%20management%20of%20rape%20and%20sexual%20violenc.pdf 

Mission, G. N.d. “The Economic Cost of Violence against Filipino Women.” Provides a summary of the research conducted by economist Ermi Amor Figueroa Yap. Available from: http://gina.ph/CyberDyaryo/features/cd1999_0520_014.htm.

Mitchell, K., B. Kerner, C. Mazzacurati and J. Kim. 2009. Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings: A Companion to the Inter-Agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings. Westport, CT & New York: Save the Children USA & UNFPA.

Mmari, K.N. and R.J. Magnani. 2003. "Does Making Clinic-Based Reproductive Health Services More Youth-Friendly Increase Service Use By Adolescents? Evidence from Lusaka, Zambia." Journal of Adolescent Health 33 (4): 259-270.

Morrison, A., M. Ellsberg and S. Bott. 2004. Addressing Gender-Based Violence in the Latin American and Caribbean Region: A Critical Review of Interventions.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3438.” Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. 

_____. 2007. “Addressing Gender-Based Violence: A Critical Review of Interventions”, The World Bank Observer. 22: 25-51. http://wbro.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/22/1/25.pdf.

Morrison, A.R. and M. B. Orlando. 2004. The costs and impacts of gender-based violence in developing countries: Methodological considerations and new evidence. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTGENDER/Resources/costsandimpactsofgbv.pdf.

Murphy, C., C. Mahoney, M. Ellsberg and C. Newman. 2006. Capacity Project Resource Paper: Gender-based Violence Training Modules: A Collection and Review of Existing Materials for Training Health Workers. Chapel Hill, NC, USA: Intrahealth. www.intrahealth.org http://www.intrahealth.org/assets/uploaded/resources/pdfs/gbv_trgmods_resourcepaper_060808.pdf

Murray, L. and G. Burnham. 2009. "Understanding childhood sexual abuse in Africa." The Lancet 373 (9679): 1924-1926.

Murray, S. and A. Powell. 2008. Sexual assault and adults with a disability: Enabling recognition, disclosure and a just response. Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault. http://www.wwda.org.au/sexualit2006.htm

Muthien, B. 2003. “Strategic interventions: Intersections between gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS.” http://www.preventgbvafrica.org/images/program_approaches/hiv/strategicinterve.dv.hiv.pdf

Nachega, J., D. Stein, D. Lehman, D. Hlatshwayo, R. Mothopeng, R. Chaisson and A. Karstaedt. 2004. “Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Adults in Soweto, South Africa.” AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 26(10): 1053-1056.

Naved, R., S. Azim, A. Bhuiya and L. Persson. 2006. “Physical Violence by Husbands: Magnitude, Disclosure and Help-seeking Behavior of Women in Bangladesh. “Social Science and Medicine 62 (12): 2917-2929.

Newman, C., J. Kanakuze and D. Nyirasafali. 2008. “IntraHealth’s Gender Activities in Rwanda.” PowerPoint presentation to USAID’s Interagency Gender Working Group, Washington D.C., May 28.

New York State Department of Health. “Guidelines for Integrating Domestic Violence Screening into HIV Counseling, Testing, Referral & Partner Notification.” http://www.health.state.ny.us/nysdoh/rfa/hiv/guide.htm. 

Niekerk, van R., V. Naidu, H. Struthers, A. Violari, N. Martinson, J. McIntyre and G. Gray. 2008. Caregivers and Childhood Health and Safety in Soweto, South Africa: A Household Survey. Abstract WEPE0627. Mexico City, Mexico: IAC.

Norman, R., Spencer, A. and Feder, G. N.d. “CEA and modelling can be found in article Cost-Effective Analysis: What You Always Wanted to Know But Were Afraid to Ask.” Family Violence Prevention & Health Practice. Available from: http://www.endabuse.org/health/ejournal/archive/1-5/cost_effective_analysis.php

Nour, N. M. 2006. "Health consequences of child marriage in Africa." Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12 (11). http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol12no11/06-0510.htm.

Nyblade, L. and M. Lynn Field. 2000. Women, Communities and Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Issues and Findings from Community Research in Botswana and Zambia. Washington, D.C.: International Center for Research on Women.

Nyblade, L. and MacQuarrie, K. 2006. Can we Measure HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination? Current Knowledge about Quantifying Stigma in Developing Countries. Washington, D.C.: The International Center for Research on Women. http://www.icrw.org/docs/2006_CanWeMeasureHIVstigmaReport.pdf.

O’Connor, M. 2002. “Consequences and Outcomes of Disclosure for Abused Women.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S83-S89.

Ogden, J. and L. Nyblade. 2005. Common at its core: HIV-related stigma across contexts. Washington, D.C.: International Center for Research on Women. http://www.icrw.org/docs/2005_report_stigma_synthesis.pdf.

OHCHR (Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights). 2008. "Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children. Fact Sheet No. 23.” http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/FactSheet23en.pdf

Olivier et al. N.d. “Provincial Policy on the Management of Survivors of Rape and Sexual Assault: Department of Health, Western Cape Province.” http://www.preventgbvafrica.org/images/program_approaches/service_delivery/wcprapesurvivorspolicy.pdf  

Orellana, C. 2004. “Chile Agrees to Emergency Contraception for Rape Victims.” The Lancet 363 (9422): 1707.

O’Sullivan, G., J. Yonkler, W. Morgan and A. Merritt. 2003. A Field Guide to Designing a Health Communication Strategy. Baltimore, MD: JHU School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs.  http://www.jhuccp.org/pubs/fg/02/02-intro.pdf

OSCE / Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). 2004. National Referral Mechanisms: Joining Efforts to Protect the Rights of Trafficked Persons: A Practical Handbook. Warsaw, Poland. http://www.osce.org/publications/odihr/2004/05/12351_131_en.pdf.

OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe). 2009. Bringing Security Home: Combating Violence Against Women in the OSCE Region. A Compilation of Good Practices. OSCE Secretariat, Office of the Secretary General, Gender Selection. http://www.osce.org/item/38013.html

Otoo-Oyortey, N. and S. Pobi. 2003. Early Marriage and Poverty: Exploring Links for Policy and Programme Development. United Kingdom: The Forum on Marriage and the Rights of Women and Girls.

Ozcakir, A., N. Bayram, N. Ergin, K. Selimoglu and N. Bigel. 2008. “Attitudes of Turkish Men Toward Wife Beating: A Study from Bursa, Turkey.” J Fam Viol 23 (7): 631-638.

PAHO Pan American Health Organization). 2001a. “Domestic Violence Surveillance Systems in Central America.” 19th Session of the Subcommittee of the Executive Committee on Women, Health, and Development. March 12-14. MSD19/8. 7 February 2001. Provisional Agenda Item 7.

_____. 2001b. “Experiences with the Inclusion of Sexual Violence Indicators of the Health Information and Surveillance Systems of Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru.” 19th Session of the Subcommittee of the Executive Committee on Women, Health, and Development. March 12-14. MSD19/7. 7 February 2001. Provisional Agenda Item 7.

PAHO, Programa Mujer, Salud y Desarollo. 2001. “Modelo de Atencion Integral a la Violencia Intrafamiliar, Deconstruir la violencia intrafamiliar: estado y socieded civil, rol del sector salud.” San Jose, Costa Rica.

Panos Institute. 2003. Beyond Victims and Villains: Addressing Sexual Violence in the Education Sector. London, UK: Panos Institute. www.panos.org.uk/download.php?id=58.

PATH and WHO (World Health Organization). 2005. Researching Violence Against Women:  A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists. http://www.path.org/files/GBV_rvaw_complete.pdf.

Paxton, S., G. Gonzales, K. Uppakaew, K.K. Abraham, S. Okta, C. Green, K.S. Nair, T.P. Merati, B. Thephthien, M. Marin and A. Quesada. 2005. “AIDS-related Discrimination in Asia.” AIDS Care 17(4): 413-24.

Pearshouse, R. 2008. Legislation contagion: building resistance. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13 (2/3): 1 and 5-10. http://www.aidslaw.ca/publications/publicationsdocEN.php?ref=907.

Pence, E. and C. McDonnell. 1999. “Developing Policies and Protocols, Domestic Abuse Intervention Project.” In Coordinated Community Responses in Domestic violence: Lessons from Duluth and Beyond. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Press.

Persephone NPO. 2008. Violence Against Women with a Disability. Antwerp: Association of women with a disability or a chronic and disabling disease.  http://www.persephonevzw.org/dossiers/geweld/data/Geweld_def_E_vertaling.pdf

Peterman, Amber and Kiersten Johnson. 2009. "Incontinence and trauma: Sexual violence, female genital cutting and proxy measures of gynecological fistula." Social Science & Medicine 68 (5): 971-979.

Peterson, I., A. Bhana and M. McKay. 2005. “Sexual Violence and Youth in South Africa: The need for Community-based Prevention Interventions.” Child Abuse & Neglect 29 (11): 1233-1248. http://people.oregonstate.edu/~flayb/TTI%20citations/Sexual%20behavior/Petersen%20et%20al%2005%20Sexual%20violence%20in%20S%20Africa.pdf.

Pettifor A.E., D. Measham, H.V. Rees and N.S. Padian. 2004. “Sexual Power and HIV Risk, South Africa.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 10 (11): 1996-2004.

PHR (Physicians for Human Rights). 2007. Epidemic of Inequality: Women’s Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. Boston, MA: PHR. www.physiciansforhumanrights.org.

Piot, P., M. Bartos, H. Larson, D. Zewdie and P. Mane. 2008. “Coming to Terms with Complexity: A Call to Action for HIV Prevention. The Lancet 372 (9641): 845-859. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2808%2960888-0/abstract#.

Plan International. 2007. Because I Am a Girl: The State of the World’s Girls 2007. London, UK: Plan International. http://plan-international.org/about-plan/resources/publications/campaigns/because-i-am-a-girl-the-state-of-the-worlds-girls-2007.

Plata, M. 2007. “Presentacion Profamilia.” In Defensoria del Pueblo y Profamilia, Guia para la Formacion en Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos: Para Poblacion en Situacion de Desplazamiento con Enfasis en Violencia Intrafamiliar y Violencia Sexual. Colombia. www.torreblanca.com.co

Pola, M. 2006. La Dominicanas y la Violencia: Una Aproximacion al Sistema de Atencion desde la Justicia. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Fundacion e-Libertad. www.elibertad.org.do  

PopCouncil. 2006. Living Up to their Name: Profamilia Takes on Gender-based Violence. New York:  Population Council. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/qcq/QCQ18.pdf.

_____. 2008a. Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Africa: Key Issues for Programming. Nairobi:  Population Council. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/AfricaSGBV_KeyIssues.pdf 

_____. 2008b. Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Africa: A Literature Review. Nairobi:  Population Council. http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/AfricaSGBV_LitReview.pdf

Population Reference Bureau. 2002. Gender-Based Violence and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS: Summary of a Technical Update. http://www.prb.org/pdf/Genderbasedviolence.pdf.

_____. 2008. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting:  Data and Trends. Population Reference Bureau. http://phishare.org/files/6564_fgm_wallchart.pdf.

Potts, M., Walsh, J., McAninch, J., Mizoguchi, N. and Wade, T.J. 1999. “Paying for Reproductive Health Care: What Is Needed, and What Is Available?” Family Planning Perspectives (25) Supplement: S10-S16. Available from: http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/journals/25s1099.html.

Program on International Health and Human Rights. 2006. HIV/AIDS and Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Literature Review. Boston, MA: Harvard School of Public Health. http://www.aidslex.org/site_documents/WG-0030E.pdf

_____. 2009.  Gender-Based Violence and HIV: Final Draft Report. Boston: Harvard School of Public Health. Boston, MA:  Harvard School of Public Health http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pihhr/files/homepage/program_resources/GBV_HIV_FINAL_DRAFT_REPORT_SEPT_2009.pdf

Profamilia. 2006. Detection y Atencion de la Violencia Basada en Genero. Republica Dominicana: Profamilia.

_____. 2008. Hablemos de Derechos. Colombia: Profamilia. http://www.profamilia.org.co/images/stories/afiches/cartillas/cartillas/09.pdf

Pronyk, P., J. Hargreaves, J. Kim, L. Morison, G. Phetla, C. Watts, J. Busza and J. Porter. 2006. “Effect of a Structured Intervention for the Prevalence of Intimate-partner Violence and HIV in Rural South Africa: A Cluster Randomised Trial.” The Lancet 368: 1973-1983.

Pronyk, P., J. Kim, T. Abramsky, G. Phetla, J. Hargreaves, , L. Morison, C. Watts, J. Busza and J. Porter. 2008. A Combined Microfinance and Training Intervention Can Reduce HIV Behavior among Young Program Participants: Results from the IMAGE Study. Abstract MOAC0201. Mexico City, Mexico: IAC.

Raising Voices. 2004. “Rethinking Domestic Violence: A Training Process for Community Activists.” http://www.raisingvoices.org/publications.php.

_____. 2007.” SASA! Screening Guide: A Film about Women, Violence and HIV/AIDS.” http://www.raisingvoices.org/files/Screening%20Guide%20SASA.pdf.

Raising Voices, SASA! Initiative. “VCT Counsellor Interview Guide.” www.raisingvoices.org/files/sasa/03_support/training/su_tr_vctig.pdf.  

Ramsay, J., C. Rivas and G. Feder. 2005. Interventions to Reduce violence and Promote the Physical and Psychological Well-being of Women who Experience Partner Violence: A Systematic Review of Controlled Evaluations.  London, UK: Barts and The London Queen Mary’s School of Medicine & Dentistry. http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/documents/digitalasset/dh_4127426.pdf

Reichenheim, M., T. Patricio and C. Moraes. 2008. “Detecting Intimate Partner Violence during Pregnancy: Awareness-raising Indicators for Use by Primary Healthcare Professionals.” Public Health 122: 716-724.

Rennie, S and F. Behets. 2006. “Desperately Seeking Targets: The Ethics of Routine HIV Testing in Low-Income Countries.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 84 (1): 52-57.

Reza, Avid, J. Matthew, Jama Gulaid Breiding, A. Mercy James, Curtis Blanton, Zodwa Mthethwa, Sapna Bamrah, Linda L. Dahlberg and Mark Anderson. 2009. "Sexual Violence and its Health Consequences for Female Children in Swaziland: A Cluster Survey Study." The Lancet 373 (9679): 1966-1972.

Rogow, D. and S. Wood. 2002. “Reprosalud.” In N. Haberland, and D. Measham (Eds.), Responding to Cairo: Case Studies of Changed Practice in Reproductive Health and Family Planning: 376-394. NY, NY: Population Council.

Roland, M. E., J.N. Martin, R.M. Grant, N.S. Hellmann, J.D. Bamberger, M.H. Katz, M. Chesney, K. Franses, T.J. Coates and J.O. Kahn. 2001.  "Postexposure Prophylaxis for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection After Sexual or Injection Drug Use Exposure: Identification and Characterization of the Source of Exposure", J. Infect. Dis 184 (12): 1608-1612.

Rottach, E.m S. Schuler and K. Hardee. Forthcoming. So What? Report Update. Washington, DC: Interagency Gender Working Group.

Rural AIDS & Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 2006. “Effect of a Structural Intervention for the Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Rural South Africa: Results of a Cluster Randomized Trial.” http://web.wits.ac.za/NR/rdonlyres/A89CD2BD-E39E-498A-ACB2-33C6E688248A/0/IMAGE_Study_Lancet_368_19731983_2006.pdf.

Sagot, M., A. Carcedo and L. Guido. 2003. Ruta Critica de las Mujeres Afectadas por la Violencia Intrafamiliar en America Latina (Estudios de Caso de Diez Paises). Washington, D.C.: PAHO., Program Mujer Salud y Desarollo. http://www.paho.org/spanish/hdp/hdw/rutacritica.pdf

Scott, Kimberly A. (Rapporteur). 2008. “Planning Committee for a Workshop on Violence Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Institute of Medicine.” http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12016&page=150.

Secretaria de Estado de la Mujer Dominicana. 2003. Modelo Nacional para la prevencion y atencion de la violencia intrafamiliar. Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana: Secretaria de Estado de la Mujer Dominicana. www.sem.gov.do

Semrau, L. Kuhn, C. Vwalika, P. Kasonde, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, E. Shutes, G. Aldrovandi and D.M. Thea. 2005. “Women in Couples Antenatal HIV Counseling and Testing Are Not More Likely to Report Adverse Social Events.” AIDS 19 (6): 603-9.

Sexual Violence Research Initiative. 2007. Rape: How Women, the Community, and the Health Sector Respond. Geneva: World Health Organization.  http://www.svri.org/rape.pdf

Schechtman, L., J. Nequaye-Tetteh, M. Balikungeri, R. Fuller, A. Pino and C. Ngwane. 2008. Scaling Up for Zero Tolerance: Civil Society Leadership in Eliminating Violence against Women and girls in Ghana, Rwanda and South Africa. Global AIDS Alliance, Rwanda Women’s Network and The Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation. http://aidsalliance.3cdn.net/2f5db5bbcfff09d84d_jlm6bwuw3.pdf

Schraiber, L. and A. Oliveira. 2002. “Violence against Women and Brazilian Health Care Policies: A Proposal for Integrated Care in Primary Services.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S21-S25.

Scott, K. 2008. Rapporteur, Planning Committee for a Workshop on Violence Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. 2008. Institute of Medicine.

Shaw, D. 2009. "Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health for Young People: Bridging the Disconnect Between Rights and Reality." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 106 (2): 132-136.

Shefer, T. 2005. ‘A critical look at the use of gender theory in HIV/ AIDS responses’, Skills- building for Gender Mainstreaming in HIV AND AIDS: Research and Practice- Seminar Proceedings, edited by Bridgette Prince, Sarah Pugh & Sharon Kleintjes. pp. 6-11.

Shepard, Bonnie L. 2004. "Addressing Gender Issues with Men and Couples: Involving Men in Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in APROFE, Ecuador." International Journal of Men’s Health 3 (3): 155-172.

Shrader, E. and M. Sagot. 2000. Domestic Violence: Women’s Way Out. Washington, D.C.: PAHO.

Silka, A., W. Nyandiko, S. Kimaiyo, A. Mwangi, K. Wools-Kaloustian, J. Sidle, M. Waxman and W. Tierney. 2008. “HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) in Western Kenya.” Poster presented at IAC, Mexico City, Mexico, Aug 1-8.

Silverman JG et al. 2008. Intimate Partner Violence and HIV Infection among Married Indian Women. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2008, 300:703–719 (digested in International Family Planning Perspectives, 2008, 34:200–201.) 

Singhal, A. and Dura, L. 2008. “Listening and Healing: An Assessment of Minga Peru’s Interculural Radio Educative Project to Prevent and Control Domestic Violence and HIV/AIDS” Report Submitted to Minga Peru/ UNIFEM Project.

Solntsev, I. 2002. “Forensic Medical Expertise in the Event of Sexual and Physical Violence in Russia.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S95-S98.

Somerset. C. 2000. Child Marriage: Whose Right to Choose? United Kingdom: The Forum on Marriage and the Rights of Women and Girls.

Southern African AIDS Training Programme. 2001.Counseling Guidelines on Domestic Violence Southern African AIDS Training Programme.”  http://www.preventgbvafrica.org/content/counseling-guidelines-domestic-violence. 

Southern African Gender Based Violence and Health Initiative. N.d. “Situation Analysis of Health Services for Survivors of Sexual Assault.”  http://www.svri.org/facility.pdf

Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service, Oxfam Canada and Oxfam America. 2008. Linkages between Culture, Gender Based Violence, HIV and AIDS and Women’s Rights Training Manual. Harare, Zimbabwe. Website: www.safaids.net. http://www.safaids.net/content/inter-linkages-between-culture-gender-based-violence-hiv-and-aids-and-womens-rights-training

Speight, C.G. et al. 2006. « Piloting Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in Kenya Raises Specific Concerns for the Management of Childhood Rape.” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 100: 14-18.

Spiezer, I., M. Goodwin, L. Whittle, M. Clyude and J. Rogers. 2008. “Dimensions of Child Sexual Abuse before Age 15 in Three Central American Countries: Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala.” Child Abuse and Neglect 32 (4): 455-462.

State Government of Victoria, Department of Human Services. 2004. The Health Costs of Violence: Measuring the Burden of Disease Caused by Intimate Partner Violence, A Summary of Findings. Victorian Health Promotion Foundation. http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/~/media/ResourceCentre/PublicationsandResources/Mental%20health/IPV%20BOD%20web%20version.ashx

Stephenson, R. 2007. “Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Domestic Violence: The Sleeping Giants of Indian Health?” Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 61 (5): 251-252.

Stevens, L. 2005. "Improving Screening of Women for Violence: Basic Guidelines for Healthcare Providers.” http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/510025

Stevens, L. 2007. Screening for Sexual Violence: Gaps in Research and Recommendations for Change. Harrisburg, PA: VAWnet, a project of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence/Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence. http://new.vawnet.org/category/Main_Doc.php?docid=1191.

Taegtmeyer, M., N. Kilonzo, L. Mung’ala, G. Morgan and S. Theobald. 2006. “Using Gender Analysis to Build a Voluntary Counseling and Testing Responses in Kenya.” Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 100: 305-311.

Tang, C. and B. Lai. 2008. “A Review of Empirical Literature on the Prevalence and Risk Markers of Male-on-female Intimate Partner Violence in Contemporary China.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 13 (1): 10-28.

Tavara, L. 2006. “Sexual Violence.” Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology 20 (3): 395-408.

Taylor, W. 2002. “Collecting Evidence for Sexual Assault: The Role of the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE).” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 78 (Supplement 1): S91-S94.

Temin, M. and R. Levine. 2009. Start with a Girl: A New Agenda for Global Health. Center for Global Development. http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/1422899/.

Teti, M., M. Chilton, L. Lloyd and S. Rubinstein. 2006. “Identifying the Links Between Violence against Women and HIV/AIDS: Ecosocial and Human Rights Frameworks Offer Insight into U.S. Prevention Policies.” Health and Human Rights 9 (2): 40-61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17265754.

Titus, Mokete Joseph and Jack Moodley. 2009. "Women Living with HIV and AIDS: Right to Prevention, Treatment, and Health Care." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 106 (2): 137-140.

Toubia, N. 1999. Caring for Women with Circumcision:  A Technical Manual for Health Care Providers. NY, NY: Rainbo.

Tower, L. 2006. “Barriers in Screening Women for Domestic Violence: A Survey of Social Workers, Family Practioners, and Obstetrician-Gynecologists.” Journal of Family Violence 21: 245-257.

Troncoso, E., D. Billings, O. Ortiz and C. S. Suárez. 2006. Ver y Atender! Guia Practica para Cononcer como Funcionan los Servicios de Salud para Mujeres Victimas y Sobrevivientes de Violencia Sexual. Chapel Hill, NC and Mexico City, Mexico: IPAS and UNFPA. http://www.ipas.org/Publications/asset_upload_file545_2928.pdf

_____. 2008. Getting It Right! A Practical Guide to Evaluating and Improving Health Services for Women Victims and Survivors of Sexual Violence. Chapel Hill, NC: IPAS.  http://www.ipas.org/Publications/Getting_It_Right_A_practical_guide_to_evaluating_improving_health_services_for_women_victims_survivors_of_sexual_violen.aspx?ht=violence%20against%20women%20violence%20against%20women.

U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre. N.d. “Financial resources management” at http://www.u4.no/themes/health/healthfinances.cfm.

UNAIDS (The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS). 2010. Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. http://www.unaids.org/documents/20101123_GlobalReport_em.pdf

_____. 2009. Guidance Note on HIV and Sex Work. Geneva, Switzerland: UNAIDS. http://data.unaids.org/pub/BaseDocument/2009/jc1696_guidance_note_hiv_and_sexwork_en.pdf.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Education. 2008. “Toolkit for Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in the Education Sector: Guidelines for Development Cooperation Agencies.” http://www.ungei.org/resources/files/156673E.pdf.

UNAIDS Interagency Task Team on Gender & HIV/AIDS. 2005. Operational Guide on Gender & HIV/AIDS: A Rights Based Approach. http://www.genderandaids.org/downloads/events/Operational%20Guide.pdf.

UNAIDS, ILO and IOM. 2008. "HIV and International Migration Policy Brief." data.unaids.org/pub/Manual/2008/jc1513a_policybrief_en.pdf.

UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund). N.d.  "India • Restoring the Sex-ratio Balance" http://www.unfpa.org/culture/case_studies/india_study.htm

_____. 2001. A Practical Approach to Gender-Based Violence: A Programme Guide for Health Care Providers and Managers. NY, NY: UNFPA. http://www.unfpa.org/upload/lib_pub_file/99_filename_genderbased.pdf

_____. 2006. Ending Violence Against Women: Programming for Prevention, Protection and Care. New York:  UNFPA. http://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2007/endingvaw.pdf.

_____. 2006a. A Passage to Hope: Women and International Migration State of the World's Population 2006. New York: UNFPA. http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2006/english/introduction.html

_____. 2007. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Persons with Disabilities: Emerging UNFPA Issues. New York: UNFPA. http://www.unfpa.org/upload/lib_pub_file/741_filename_UNFPA_DisFact_web_sp-1.pdf.

_____. 2007a.  "Sex-ratio imbalance.” In Asia: Trends, Consequences and Policy Responses:  Executive Summary. 4th Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights. Hyderabad, India: UNFPA.

_____. 2008.  Reaching Common Ground: Culture, Gender and Human Rights State of the World's Population 2008. New York: UNFPA.  http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2008/presskit/docs/en-swop08-report.pdf.

_____. 2009. Programming to Address Violence Against Women: 8 Case Studies, Volume 2. New York: UNFPA. http://www.unfpa.org/public/site/global/pid/1913.

UNFPA and Save the Children USA. 2009. “Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings (A Companion to the Inter-Agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings).” www.unfpa.org/public/publications/pid/4169

UNFPA and UNIFEM. 2006. Gender Responsive Budgeting and Women’s Reproductive Rights. A Resource Pack. Available in English, French and Spanish from: http://www.unfpa.org/public/publications/pid/371

_____2006a. Gender Responsive Budgeting and Women’s Reproductive Rights: A Resource Pack. Available in English, French and Spanish at: http://www.unfpa.org/public/cache/offonce/home/publications/pid/371.

UN.GIFT (United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Trafficking), IOM and the London School for Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 2009. “Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidance for Health Providers.” http://www.ungift.org/docs/ungift/Steering-committee/CT_Handbook.pdf.

UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). 2005. “Facts on Children: Child Protection.”  http://www.unicef.org/media/media_fastfacts.html.

_____. 2005a. Early Marriage: A Harmful Traditional Practice. NY. NY: UNICEF.  http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Early_Marriage_12.lo.pdf

_____.  2005b. “Manual for Medical Officers Dealing with Child Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation (Manual for Medical Officers Dealing with Medico-Legal Cases of Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Child Sexual Abuse).” UNICEF and the Department of Women and Child Development, Government of India, New Delhi. http://wcd.nic.in/ManualMedicalOfficers.pdf.

_____. 2010. “Caring for Survivors Training Manual”. Module 8. New York:  UNICEF. http://gbv.oneresponse.info.

UNIFEM (United Nations Development Fund for Women). 2003a. Not a Minute More:  Ending Violence Against Women. NY. NY: UNIFEM. http://www.unifem.org/materials/item_detail.php?ProductID=7

_____. 2003b. Making a Difference: Strategic Communication to End Violence against Women. NY. NY: UNIFEM. http://www.unifem.org/attachments/products/MakingADifference_eng.pdf

_____ 2006. Mainstreaming Gender Equality into National Response to HIV and AIDS: Nigerian Case Study. http://www.unifem.org/attachments/products/mainstreaming_gender_nigeria.pdf.

United Nations. 2000. “Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime. U.N. Doc. A/45/49 (Vol. I) (2001). http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/trafficking.html.

_____. 2006a. “In-depth Study on All Forms of Violence against Women: Report of the Secretary General.” A/61/122/Add.1, 61st Session of the UN General Assembly, Item 60a. 6 July, New York. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/vaw/violenceagainstwomenstudydoc.pdf

_____. 2006b. “Study on Violence Against Children.” Report of the Independent Expert for the Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children, Paulo Sergio Pinheiro. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/study.htm

United Nations General Assembly. 1994. “Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women.” A/RES/48/104.

_____. 1999.  "S-21/2. Key actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development." A/RES/S-21/2, 8 November.

UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes).  2009.  Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, New York. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/global-report-on-trafficking-in-persons.html

United Nations Secretary General. 2009. “Violence against Women Migrant Workers.” NY, NY: United Nations. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/4a9e2c180.pdf

United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women. 2002. “The Integration of the Human Rights of Women and the Gender Perspective:  Cultural Practices in the Family that are Violent Towards Women.” UN Economic and Social Council, E/CN.4/2002/83.

United Nations Television. 2009. INDIA / SEX SELECTION. Video. UNIFEED. http://www.unmultimedia.org/tv/unifeed/d/13292.html

Uribe-Elias, R. 2003. “Sexual violence and the Obstetrician/Gynecologist.” International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 82 (3): 425-433.

US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2002. “Evaluating Domestic Violence Programs.” Rockville, MD, USA. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/domesticviol/index.html 

USAID (United States Agency for International Development). 2002. “Gender-Based Violence and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS: Summary of a Technical Update.” http://www.prb.org/pdf/Genderbasedviolence.pdf.

_____. 2006. “Addressing Gender-Based Violence through USAID’s Health Programs: A Guide for Health Sector Program Officers.” http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADH194.pdf.

_____. 2009. “Toolkit for Integrating Domestic Violence Activities into Programming in Europe & Eurasia, Final Report.” Available from: http://dec.usaid.gov.

USAID/Eastern and Central Africa, UNICEF/East and Southern Africa Regional Office. 2006. Strategic Framework for the Prevention of and Response to Gender-based Violence in Eastern, Southern and Central Africa. http://eastafrica.usaid.gov/.../proxy/Document.1012.aspx 

US Department of Justice Office of Violence against Women. 2006. “National Training Standards for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examiners.” Washington, DC. http://nicic.gov/Library/021645

US Department of State.  2010.  Trafficking in Persons Report 2010.  Washington, DC. http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2010/

Van der Straten A et al. 1995. Couple communication, sexual coercion and HIV risk reduction in Kigali, Rwanda. AIDS, 9(8):935–944.

Van der Straten A et al. 1998. Sexual coercion, physical violence, and HIV infection among women in steady relationships in Kigali, Rwanda. AIDS and Behavior, 2:61–73. 

Vaz, P. 2008. “Sexual Violence and HIV/AIDS Services: Thuthuzela Care Centres in South Africa: Presentation to Office of The US Global AIDS Coordinator.” Washington, D.C.

Venukumar, K., S. Rezapaul, S. Sundararaman, S. Sreeram, M. Andinia, P. Nigudkar, B. Lakshmi, M.Venugopal, F. Mary, S. Rehaman, A. Anwar, J. Jinendra, R. Bhagya, R. Pankaja, M. Vijiyamma and R. Manjula. 2008. Community to Community Learning in HIV Prevention Programming for Sex Workers: A Case Study of Kolhapur. Abstract MOPE0409. Mexico City, Mexico: IAC.

Velzeboer, M., M. Ellsberg, C. Arcas and C. Garcia-Moreno, 2003. Violence against Women: The Health Sector Responds. Washington, D.C.: PAHO. http://www.paho.org/English/AD/GE/VAW-HealthSectorResponds.pdf.

Vetten, L.  et al. 2008. Tracking Justice: The Attrition of Rape Cases Through the Criminal Justice System in Gauteng (Johannesburg, South Africa: Tshwaranang Legal Advocacy Centre, the South African Medical Research Council and the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation. http://www.csvr.org.za/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1012   

Villela, W., F. Lopes and A. Nilo. 2008. “Possible Responses: Overcoming the Challenges of the Interface.”  In A. Nilo (Ed.), Women, Violence & AIDS: Exploring Interfaces. Recife, Brazil: GESTOS.

Ward J.  2005. “Gender-based Violence Among Conflict-affected Populations:  Humanitarian Program Response”, in Helen Durham and Tracey Gurd, eds, Listening to the Silences: Women and War.  Martinus Nijhoff Publishers (Leiden). 

_____. 2007.  “From Invisible to Indivisible:  Promoting and Protecting the Rights of the Girl Child to be Free from Violence.” UNICEF, New York. http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900sid/SHES-7DXMLQ/$file/UNICEF_Apr2008.pdf?openelement

_____. 2008. “Designing Programming to Address GBV and HIV in East, Central, and Southern Africa:  A Framework for Action”, Draft Working Paper, UNFPA, Nairobi.

_____. 2010. Guidelines on Coordinating GBV Interventions in Humanitarian Settings (GBV AOR, 2010).  Available at http://gbv.oneresponse.info

Ward J, et al. 2005. Broken Bodies: Broken Dreams:  Violence Against Women Exposed. Nairobi, Kenya: IRIN/OCHA. http://www.irinnews.org/IndepthMain.aspx?IndepthId=59&ReportId=72831

Watts, C. and S. Mayhew. 2004. "Reproductive Health Services and Intimate Partner Violence: Shaping a pragmatic Response in Sub-Saharan Africa." International Family Planning Perspectives 30 (4): 207-213.

Weaver, T. and Resnick, H. 2000. ”Impact of Violence Against Women on Their Physical Health.” http://www.musc.edu/vawprevention/research/healthimpact.shtml.

Welch, J. and Mason, F. 2007. “Rape and Sexual Assault.” British Medical Journal 334: 1154-1158.

World Bank. 2002. Violence Against Women: Health Sector Responses. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTGENDER/Resources/Health.pdf

WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Putting Women First: Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Research on Domestic Violence against Women.

_____. 2003a. Safe Abortion: Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/publications/safe_abortion/safe_abortion.pdf

_____. 2003b. Guidelines for Medico-Legal Care of Victims of Sexual Violence. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.  http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/924154628X.pdf

_____. 2004. Gender Dimensions of HIV Status Disclosure to Sexual Partners: Rates, Barriers and Outcomes A Review Paper. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

_____. 2004b. Medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use (3rd edition). Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

_____. 2005. Integrating Poverty and Gender into Health Programmes:  A Sourcebook for Health Professionals: Module on Gender Based Violence. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

_____. 2005a. “Developing National Policies to Prevent Violence and Injuries: a Guideline for Policy-Makers and Planners.” http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/39919_oms_br_2.pdf

_____. 2005b. "Violence against sex workers and HIV prevention." Violence Against Women and HIV: Critical Intersections Information Bulletin Series, No. Three. www.who.int/entity/gender/documents/sexworkers.pdf

_____. 2005c. WHO Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence against Women: Summary Report of Initial Results on Prevalence, Health Outcomes and Women’s Responses. Summary Report. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.  http://www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/summary_report/summary_report_English2.pdf

_____. 2005d. Sexually Transmitted and Other Reproductive Tract Infections. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

_____. 2006a. Addressing violence against women in HIV testing and Counselling: A meeting report, Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.

_____. 2006b. Integrating Gender into HIV/AIDS Programmes: A Review Paperhttp://www.unifem.org/materials/item_detail.php?ProductID=67

_____. 2008. Preventing Violence and Reducing its Impact: How Development Agencies Can Help.  Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241596589_eng.pdf.

_____. 2008a. Female Genital Mutilation - Fact Sheet No. 241http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/ 

_____. 2009a. Integrating Gender into HIV/AIDS Programmes in the Health Sector: Tool to Improve Responsiveness to Women’s Needs. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, Department of Gender, Women and Health.  http://www.who.int/gender/documents/gender_hiv/en/index.html

_____. 2009b. Promoting Gender Equality to Prevent Violence Against Women. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/gender.pdf

_____. 2009c. Violence against Women: Fact Sheet. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/index.html

_____. 2009d. Violence Prevention: the Evidence: Overview. http://www.who.int/violenceprevention/publications/en/index.html

____. 2010. Female Genital Mutilation: An Overview.  Fact Sheet No. 241. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/

____. 2010a. Expert Meeting on Health-sector Responses to Violence against Women 17–19 March 2009. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241500630_eng.pdf

WHO/UNAIDS. 2010. Addressing Violence against Women and HIV/AIDS: What Works? http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/violence/9789241599863/en/index.html

WHO and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. 2010.   Preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women: taking action and generating evidence. Geneva, World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/violence/9789241564007_eng.pdf

WHO and CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2008. “Manual for estimating the economic costs of injuries due to interpersonal and self-directed violence.” http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241596367_eng.pdf.

WHO and ILO (International Labour Organization). 2005. “Occupational and Non-Occupational Post-exposure Prophylaxis for HIV Infection (HIV-PEP): Joint ILO/WHO Technical Meeting for the Development of Policy and Guidelines, Geneva 5-7, September 2005.” http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/arv/HIV-PEPflyer081606.pdf 

_____. 2007. Post-exposure Prophylaxis to Prevent HIV Infection: Joint WHO/ILO Guidelines on Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to Prevent HIV Infection. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO & ILO. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241596374_eng.pdf

WHO and UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. 2007. Guidance on Provider Initiated HIV Testing and Counselling in Health Facilities. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization & UNAIDS. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595568_eng.pdf.

WHO, UNAIDS, and UNICEF. 2010.  Towards universal access: scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector. http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/universalaccess/en/index.html

WHO and UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). 2004. Clinical Management of Rape Survivors: Developing Protocols for Use with Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons, Revised Edition. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO and UNHCR. https://www.who.int/reproductive-health/publications/clinical_mngt_rapesurvivors/clinical_mngt_rapesurvivors.pdf

Willis, B. and B. Levy. 2000. “Child Prostitution:  Global Health Burden, Research Needs, and Interventions.” The Lancet 359: 1417-1422.

Wolffers, I. 2001. “Violence, Repression and Other Health Threats.” Research for Sex Work 4: Risk and Violence. http://iac.nswp.org/research-for-sex-work/editions/research-for-sex-work-4-risk-and-violence.

World Bank Website. Gender-Based Violence, Health and the Role of the Health Sector.

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTHEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/EXTPHAAG/0,,contentMDK:22421973~pagePK:64229817~piPK:64229743~theSitePK:672263,00.html#Economic_Impact

Yap, Ermi Amor Figueroa. 1998. The Economic Costs of Violence Against Women. Policy Issue Briefs of the National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW).

Yildizhan, R., E. Adali, A. Kolusari, M. Kurdoglu, B. Yildizhan and G. Sahin. 2009. "Domestic violence against infertile women in a Turkish setting." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 104 (2): 110-112. http://www.ijgo.org/article/S0020-7292(08)00455-4/abstract.

Zimmerman, C. and Watts, C. 2003. WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Interviewing Trafficked Women. http://www.who.int/gender/documents/en/final%20recommendations%2023%20oct.pdf

Zimmerman, C., Yun, K., Shvab, I., Watts, C., Trappolin, L., Treppete, M., Bimbi, F., Adams, B., Jiraporn, S., Beci, L., Albrecht, M., Bindel, J., and Regan, L.  2003. The Health Risks and Consequences of Trafficking in Women and Adolescents: Findings from a European Study. London, UK: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. http://www.lshtm.ac.uk/ghd/docs/traffickingfinal.pdf.