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Conduct a situational analysis

  • A situational analysis is used to determine the needs and options of integration in a particular context and to adapt programming accordingly.  It involves evaluating the following factors:
    • the epidemiology of both HIV/AIDS and violence against women and girls,
    • the related legal frameworks and other policies,
    • sectoral responses (health, justice, work, education etc),
    • existing and customary norms, gender roles, risk factors and vulnerabilities,
    • existing local resources (Luciano, 2009).

Case Study:  Understanding Positive Women's Experiences to Improve Responses (South Africa)


 

The AIDS Legal Network, a South African non-profit organization, undertook an extensive study covering four areas of the country (New Brighton, Eastern Cape; Illovo, KwaZulu Natal; and Beacon Valley and Tafelsig, Western Cape) to better understand the experiences and realities of positive women.  The study was undertaken to enhance women’s access to, and benefit from available HIV prevention, testing, treatment, care and support services without fear of discrimination, abuse and other rights violations.

See the summary report.

See the full research report.

See the fact sheets for Eastern Cape, KwaZulu Natal and Western Cape.

Illustrative Tools:

Situational Analysis of HIV and Violence against Women. The following tool can be used as a guide when conducting a situational analysis of HIV and violence against women and girls at the Macro, Sectoral, Provincial, Institutional/Organizational, Community and Individual levels:  Luciano, D. 2009. Development Connections: A Manual for Integrating the Programmes and Services of HIV and Violence Against Women (pgs. 47-50). Available in English and Spanish.

Stakeholder mapping for integrating HIV and Violence against Women programmes and services. The following tool can be used as a guide when conducting Stakeholder mapping for integrating HIV and violence against women and girls programmes and services: Luciano, D. 2009. Development Connections: A Manual for Integrating the Programmes and Services of HIV and Violence Against Women (pg. 53). Available in English and Spanish.