The specific baseline data collected will depend on the goals of the programme to be implemented. Baseline studies of the informal justice sector and violence against women should consider gathering data about:
Uganda – Measuring Awareness of Human Rights of Women and Children
The Foundation for Human Rights Initiative focuses on access to justice for socially deprived women and children in 6 districts in Uganda. In 2009, the group conducted a baseline study in one of the six provinces to gather initial data about human rights violations against its focus population. The study used key informant interviews, focus groups, and review of other reports to gather data for its baseline report. The baseline study documented the large gap between urban and rural residents related to human rights awareness, and also documented the perceptions of community members and stakeholders relative to redress mechanisms for violence against women.
Survey instruments and focus group guides from FHRI are available in the appendices of their Baseline Study Report.
DRC – Baseline Study on Engaging Men to Change Attitudes
Women for Women International runs a Men’s Leadership Program in the Democratic Republic of Congo that focused on changing gender norms as well as community attitudes around justice for sexual violence, including those of legal system leaders. The programme was the result of an evaluation of programming targeting women only. During the evaluation, women asked for assistance in working with the men in their communities to change attitudes. At the beginning of the Men’s Leadership Program, Women for Women International conducted a baseline survey with 392 male community leaders culled from five key sectors: government, religious, traditional, security—including the police and military—and civil society. The survey revealed a high level of agreement among respondents about the need for communities and civil society organizations to be actively involved in the reintegration of survivors of gender-based violence. The men surveyed, however, were deeply divided in the ways they perceived the status of women, their roles in society and male authority. For example, 56.2% of respondents agreed with the statement “There is little that women have to contribute to community reconstruction and development.” And 86.3% of respondents agreed with the statement that “Men are the heads of households and the wives must obey and submit to them,” an attitude that clearly results in violations of women’s human rights. The data from the baseline study was later compared with an external evaluation at the end of the project. The evaluation revealed some changes, especially at the level of individual relationship between men and women in the community. But the evaluation also revealed that long-held beliefs about the role of women change slowly.
Source: Women for Women International. 2007. Ending Violence Against Women in Eastern Congo.
Data Collection and Indigenous Peoples
Many informal sector initiatives work with indigenous communities. Data collection related to violence against indigenous women should comply with the recommendations of the Expert Workshop on Data Collection and Disaggregation for Indigenous Peoples (International Indigenous Women’s Forum (FIMI), 2006), which calls for data collection methods that: