Legislación

En esta base de conocimientos, la referencia a ciertas disposiciones o artículos de una ley, partes de una sentencia judicial o aspectos de una práctica no implica que la ley, sentencia o práctica se consideren en su integridad un buen ejemplo o una práctica prometedora.

Algunas de las leyes que aquí se mencionan pueden contener disposiciones que autoricen la pena de muerte. Tomando en cuenta las resoluciones 62/14963/16865/206 y 67/176 de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas, que piden el establecimiento de una moratoria del uso de la pena de muerte y su abolición final, la pena de muerte no debe incluirse en las disposiciones condenatorias por delitos de violencia contra las mujeres y niñas.

Otras disposiciones relacionadas con las leyes de violencia doméstica Recursos
Acoso sexual en el deporte Recursos
Disposiciones sobre inmigración Recursos para elaborar legislación sobre la trata de mujeres y niñas
Servicios para las víctimasEducación y sensibilización de la opinión pública Herramientas para la redacción de legislación sobre las prácticas nocivas
Disposiciones relativas a la protección de la infancia Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Definición clara y precisa de la mutilación genital femenina Recursos
Definiciones y formas de maltrato a las viudas Otras disposiciones sobre el maltrato a las viudasRecursos sobre el maltrato a las viudas
Otras disposiciones relacionadas con las leyes sobre violencia doméstica y violencia relacionada con la dote
Y después de la campaña, ¿qué?Recursos para promover la promulgación de nueva legislación o la reforma de la existente
Introducción Financiación de la aplicación de las leyes Empleadores y sindicatos Recursos para aplicación de las leyes
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Overview

Última editado: August 20, 2013

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Opciones
Opciones

Legislation on violence against women should provide safety, aid, and empowerment for survivors through criminal and civil provisions which include a broad range of remedies and reparations for women who have been subjected to violence.

In 2012, the Human Rights Council conducted a panel discussion on women’s human rights including the theme of remedies and reparations for women subjected to violence. A Summary of the Human Rights Council panel discussion on the theme of remedies for women subjected to violence: Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights sets forth some general principles, challenges, and promising practices, in providing effective, prompt, just, transformative, and culturally sensitive reparations for women who have been subjected to violence in different contexts. The summary of points made during the panel discussion include may guide creation of promising reparations programmes:   

  • It is the obligation of States to ensure that women victims of violence have full access to justice, including reparations.
  • Reparations encompass compensation, restitution, rehabilitation, measures of satisfaction, and guarantees of non-repetition.
  • Victims must be adequately informed of their rights to reparations.
  • The reparation process should ”allow for women and girls to come forward when they are ready and the registration process should take into account obstacles women may face if displacement is necessary or other costs are implicated.”
  • The reparation process “must not expose women to further harm, stigmatization and ostracism and should take into account their safety and best interest at all times, including by ensuring confidentiality and avoiding public disclosure of violations suffered.”
  • The reparation process should ensure eligibility standards for reparations are inclusive, avoid re-victimization, and are aware of obstacles and challenges victims of certain crimes may face.
  • The reparation process should ensure meaningful participation by the victim in the design and delivery of reparations. 
  • Generic compensation schemes that do not have a requirement of prosecution or conviction provide a positive avenue through which women who experience violence can claim compensation. This is especially significant given the low number of convictions in various areas.
  • Remedies and reparations programmes should be also created in post-conflict settings.
  • In traditional and informal justice processes care should be taken to monitor customary dispute-resolution mechanisms as well as differences in outcomes that exist between decisions at the formal judicial level and the non-formal process that fail to protect women’s rights. 
  • In developing reparation policies and programs, there is a call for “substantive participation of women who have been subjected to violence and civil society actors, such as women’s groups and community leaders, alongside men and boys, to ensure a holistic concept of remedies and reparations.”
  • Effort should be made to ensure remedies and reparations “are specific to individual circumstances and culture in order to prevent discrimination, stigmatization, and re-victimization of victims of violence”.