The overarching goal of monitoring of laws on violence against women and girls is to determine the effectiveness of the laws, policies, and protocols, and to determine if amendments or reforms are needed. See: United Nations Handbook for legislation against women, (hereinafter UN Handbook) 3.3.1.
For a video on the UN Handbook, click here.
Monitoring of laws should:
See: UN Handbook, 3.3.1.
Under the following declarations and conventions, the state has a duty to provide an effective remedy for acts which violate the human rights of women and girls. In order to provide an effective remedy, a state must monitor the implementation of its laws on violence against women and girls.
These agreements outline the duty of a state to protect the rights of women and girls by providing an effective remedy:
To establish legal protection of the rights of women on an equal basis with men and to ensure through competent national tribunals and other public institutions the effective protection of women against any act of discrimination;…
To take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to modify or abolish existing laws, regulations, customs and practices which constitute discrimination against women;…Article 2 (b) and (f)
States parties should encourage the compilation of statistics and research on the extent, causes and effects of violence, and on the effectiveness of measures to prevent and deal with violence; 24 (c)
In 24 (v) the Committee stated:
The reports of States parties should include information on the legal, preventive and protective measures that have been taken to overcome violence against women, and on the effectiveness of such measures.
Promote research, collect data and compile statistics, especially concerning domestic violence, relating to the prevalence of different forms of violence against women and encourage research on the causes, nature, seriousness and consequences of violence against women and on the effectiveness of measures implemented to prevent and redress violence against women; those statistics and findings of the research will be made public;…Article 4 (k)
PeaceWomen, Women, Peace and Security Handbook: Compilation and Analysis of United Nations Security Council Resolution Language 2000-2010. This handbook, by Maria Butler, Kristina Mader and Rachel Kean for the The PeaceWomen Project, provides advocates with a compilation and gender analysis of United Nations Security Council resolutions adopted between 2000 and 2010. The analysis covers 432 resolutions related to 20 country-specific situations, and reviews the resolutions in the framework of 13 core themes outlined in SC Resolution 1325, including sexual exploitation and abuse, sexual violence. The handbook highlights good practices for each thematic area and proposes recommended actions for inclusion in future resolutions to advance the women, peace and security agenda. Available in English.
DOVA, The Human Rights Assessment Instrument on Domestic Violence (2010), by Loeky Droesen, is a Human Rights Assessment Instrument on Domestic Violence. It provides step by step guidance to assess whether a country is complying with its international human rights obligations to provide safety for victims and accountability for offenders in domestic violence cases. The DOVA assessment is divided into seven steps which contain checklists and questions to inform a monitor’s data collection and analysis. It offers guidance to form a set of recommendations for legal or policy reform and plans for advocacy efforts, including awareness-raising. Available in English. To watch a video on the background of the project, click here.