Legislation should provide for penalties of prison time and fines. Legislation should provide that sentencing guidelines reflect the gravity of the offense.
Penalties for offenses:
A person guilty of an offence under this Act is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years or a fine (or both),
(b) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both).
The California Criminal Code makes it a felony to, under conditions likely to cause harm, willfully cause or allow the injury, pain or mental suffering of a child. If the harm is caused by FGM, however, the Code specifically states that the felony level penalties provided for will be increased by one year.
(a) Any person who, under circumstances or conditions likely to produce great bodily harm or death, willfully causes or permits any child to suffer, or inflicts thereon unjustifiable physical pain or mental suffering, or having the care or custody of any child, willfully causes or permits the person or health of that child to be injured, or willfully causes or permits that child to be placed in a situation where his or her person or health is endangered, shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or in the state prison for two, four, or six years.
(a) If the act constituting a felony violation of subdivision (a) of Section 273a was female genital mutilation, as defined in subdivision (b), the defendant shall be punished by an additional term of imprisonment in the state prison for one year, in addition and consecutive to the punishment prescribed by Section 273a.
(b) "Female genital mutilation" means the excision or infibulation of the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, or vulva, performed for nonmedical purposes.