The Daphne Project on Female Genital Mutilation in Europe, carried out by the International Centre for Reproductive Health, Defence for Children International section, The Netherlands and the Royal Tropical Institute of Amsterdam, sought to study the legal, medical and socio-cultural aspects of FGM in Europe and the resources available to prepare a European strategy for combating FGM. The project inventoried existing FGM-related resources and legislation in European Union countries, and issued recommendations to strengthen efforts to combat FGM on multiple levels. The project report recommended, inter alia, that:
Education for health professionals should be carried out at different levels using varied methodologies and materials:
-Local hospitals and primary care level (general practitioners and school health services): guidelines, study days, in-service training, information provision through hospital and university libraries;
-Academic level: inclusion of FGM as a subject in all curricula for medical and para-medical courses, journals, textbooks;
- National level: guidelines on the socio-cultural, medical and legal aspects of FGM for all medical and para-medical professional organizations as well as for European (para)-medical professionals working in countries where FGM is performed;
- European level: practical courses for health care professionals
The London Safeguarding Children Board contains numerous resources related to combating FGM on its website.
In 2009, the London Safeguarding Children Board created the London FGM Resource Pack which compiles existing good practices into one resource. The Resource Pack is designed for all people who work with children, but especially midwives and other health professionals, teachers, social workers and police officers. The Resource Pack is available in English here: London FGM Resource Pack
It contains detailed information about FGM, the legislative framework on FGM, as well as practice guidelines for various professionals on how to identify and respond to victims. The Resource Pack includes factsheets for schools, a multi-agency training power-point, as well as standard operation procedures for police. The Guidelines for health professionals includes model questions to ask women attending their clinics and guidelines for de-infibulation and ante-natal procedures. There is also advice on how community groups can help to prevent FGM, and information to help professionals discuss the issue with parents and children.
The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children launched a helpline and email account aimed at protecting girls in the United Kingdom from undergoing female genital mutilation. Staffed by trained child-protection advisors, the helpline offers advice, information or support to callers. While calls can remain anonymous, any information given by a caller that could help prevent a girl from undergoing FGM will be passed on to the police or social services.
The helpline number is 0800 028 3550. The email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.