Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools

Economic empowerment

Last edited: October 30, 2010

This content is available in


Measures to facilitate the economic empowerment of victims of violence against women should be included in legislation. These measures might take the form of reviewing employment laws to ensure that women dealing with violence are not discriminated against or are given special consideration in appropriate circumstances. [See Employer and Union sub-section] Measures might also include funding for dedicated government or NGO programs to develop economic independence among women victims of violence.

CASE STUDY – Bulgaria

The Animus Association in Bulgaria has several programs aimed at economic and employment reintegration of victims of trafficking and those at high risk for trafficking. First, the group works across borders with other NGOs and governments to create referral networks so that victims and at-risk individuals can find their way to appropriate services. Second, the group runs a Rehabilitation Centre for Women, Adolescents and Children Survivors of violence that provides services to help empower them economically and reintegrate them into the employment sector. Apart from these economic empowerment services, the organization works on an integrated model also providing legal assistance and counseling services.