Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools

Special Procedures for Workplace Sexual Harassment Cases

Last edited: January 13, 2011

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Drafters should include provisions that reduce the burden on victims of sexual harassment as much as possible in bringing claims. For example, including a provision for victims to request that a female investigator work on their case can make victims more comfortable discussing their claim. Allowing for class action suits, where a small group of named individuals bring a claim on behalf of a group that is similarly situated, may also provide some anonymity for victims who would otherwise be unwilling to bring claims. For example, South African law specifically provides for class action, in para. 20(1)(c) of its Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act of 2000. Several other countries, including Australia, Israel, and Sweden allow trade unions and other employee organizations to bring claims on behalf of their members.

Employment Qualification & Licensing

Laws should also ensure that sexual harassment in the context of professional licensing or qualification is prohibited. This may be covered in laws regarding the provision of goods and services or in laws related to employment-based harassment. The United Kingdom’s new Equality Law, for example, specifically addresses harassment in the context of entities that can “confer relevant qualifications.” (See: Equality Law, secs. 91-92) Mauritius’ law also prohibits sexual harassment “in relation to the conferment, renewal, extension, revocation or withdrawal of an authorisation or qualification” required for professional or trade work. (See: Equal Opportunities Act (2008), Art. 26(5))