Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools

Sex trafficking may involve foreign nationals, citizens, and legal permanent residents of a particular country

Last edited: January 25, 2011

This content is available in


Sex trafficking laws should apply to all forms of trafficking in persons, whether national or transnational, and whether or not connected with organized crime. (See: UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Art. 4; UN Trafficking Protocol, Art. 1; Council of Europe Convention Against Trafficking in Human Beings, Chap.1, Art.2)

All trafficking victims, regardless of their nationality or legal status in a particular country, are entitled to the protection of law enforcement. (See: UNODC Model Law Against Trafficking in Persons, Art.4 commentary)