Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools

Criminal Acts: Recruiting, Receiving, Transporting, or Harboring

Last edited: January 25, 2011

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Drafters should incorporate the acts of recruiting, receiving, transporting or harboring at a minimum; but should also consider whether to include any of the acts contained in the laws cited here. (See also the section on Definitions)


Illustrative Examples: 

  • “Recruitment, transportation, transfer, concealment or acceptance of human beings, regardless of their own will….” (Bulgarian “Combating Trafficking in Human Beings Act”, Additional Provision 1(1-2)).
  • “Receiving, recruiting, enticing, harboring, providing or obtaining an individual ….” (See Minn. Stat. § 609.321, subd. 7a (2009))
  • “Whoever, in order to derive a material benefit, induces another person to practice prostitution or facilitates it ….Whoever derives material benefits from prostitution practiced by another person…. (See: Polish Penal Code, Art. 204)
  • “Recruits, transports, accommodates, receives or implements some other such measure with a person ….” See: Swedish Penal Code, Chapter 4, Section 1a)
  • “Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons ….” (See: UN Trafficking Protocol, Art. 3)
  • “Recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person….” (See:  22 U.S.C. 7102, (9))