Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools

Core elements for legislation on Female Genital Mutilation

Last edited: February 25, 2011

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The following are necessary elements for drafting legislation on FGM.  Each element is discussed in detail below:

  • A national plan and strategy;
  • A legislative preamble that takes a stand against violence against women;
  • A clear and precise definition of FGM;
  • Criminalization of the act of FGM;
  • Criminalization of aiding and abetting the act of FGM;
  • A duty to report for all persons who become aware of the occurrence or the imminent occurrence of FGM;
  • A framework of child protection legislation which is based upon the best interests of the child;
  • A fully developed order for protection for actual or potential victims of FGM;
  • A clear statement of victims’ rights and adequate responses to victims’ needs;
  • A clear statement of the roles and responsibilities of government and community actors; and
  • A clear statement of broader coordinated policies to include a coordinated community response, public education and trainings.